American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(12A), 1-10
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-12A-1
Open AccessResearch Article

CyberParks as a New Context for Smart Education: Theoretical Background, Assumptions, and Pre-service Teachers’ Rating

Michal Klichowski1, , Philip Bonanno2, Sylwia Jaskulska1, Carlos Smaniotto Costa3, Michiel de Lange4 and Francisco R. Klauser5

1Faculty of Educational Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poznan, Poland

2Faculty of Education, University of Malta, Msida, Malta

3CeiED Interdisciplinary Research Centre for Education and Development, Lusófona University, Lisbon, Portugal

4Department of Media and Culture Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands

5Institute of Geography, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland

Pub. Date: December 18, 2015

Cite this paper:
Michal Klichowski, Philip Bonanno, Sylwia Jaskulska, Carlos Smaniotto Costa, Michiel de Lange and Francisco R. Klauser. CyberParks as a New Context for Smart Education: Theoretical Background, Assumptions, and Pre-service Teachers’ Rating. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(12A):1-10. doi: 10.12691/education-3-12A-1


New digital technologies without doubt are transforming practically all spheres of our lives. In education, many new concepts emerge with technological development. One such concept is Smart Education, which is an education strategy for Smart Cities. Smart Education can be considered as technology enhanced education emerging in technology-enhanced cities. This paper presents the concept of CyberParks, a new context for Smart Education. The basic assumptions and the theoretical background of CyberParks are discussed, in light of the concepts of Smart Cities and Smart Education. CyberParks are considered as an innovative educational solution where new modes of learning are promoted as an integral element of Smart Education. Study results are presented showing how CyberParks are rated by pre-service teachers, in their role as architects of future education. Pre-service teachers rated CyberParks very low as an educational and pedagogical solution considering these digital-enhanced contexts as a threat to their vision of education. On the one hand, this is a clear confirmation of the assumptions of the SCOT theory, and on the other, it is an example of social reproduction of how education is perceived.

CyberParks Smart Education Smart Cities pre-service teachers ITC SCOT theory social reproduction

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