Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018, 6(11), 694-698
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-6-11-3
Open AccessArticle

Consumption Patterns of Dietary Supplements and Information Seeking Behaviors in the Youth an Exploratory Study

Younis Salmean1, and Dari Alhuwail2, 3

1Food Science and Nutrition Department, College of Life Sciences – Kuwait University, Kuwait

2Information Science Department, College of Computing Sciences & Engineering – Kuwait University, Kuwait

3Health Informatics Unit, Dasman Diabetes Institute, Kuwait

Pub. Date: December 06, 2018

Cite this paper:
Younis Salmean and Dari Alhuwail. Consumption Patterns of Dietary Supplements and Information Seeking Behaviors in the Youth an Exploratory Study. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2018; 6(11):694-698. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-6-11-3

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to explore dietary supplements (DS) consumption patterns, sources of information about DS, and the impact of social media on DS knowledge among college students at Kuwait University. A cross-sectional self-administrated voluntary paper-based survey was distributed randomly to college students across all university campuses in December 2015. The questions focused on students’ DS use and their attitudes towards the Internet and social media platforms (SMP) as a source of information about DS. Overall, 432 students across all Kuwait University campuses completed the survey (response rate 84% – mean age 20.9 ±2.9). Results show that DS use among college students is high with only 24% females and 26% males stating to have never used DS. Differences between males and females exist when it comes to type of supplements they perceive to be beneficial, reasons for use, and sources of information. Similar percentage of males and females use the Internet as a source of information on dietary supplements. However, males appear to use non-health oriented sources, such as friends and gym coach, as primary source of DS information while females appear to prefer primary physicians and dietitians as a source. SMPs appear to serve as a significant source of information about dietary supplements. DS use among college age students is prevalent and the Internet and SMPs appear to serve as an important medium for information. Future studies should evaluate the usefulness of using SMPs by official health organizations to disseminate health and nutritional information.

Keywords:
nutrition supplements social media informatics information technology information systems information

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Tarn DM, Karlamangla A, Coulter ID, Paterniti DA, Knox L, Khang PS, Hui KK, Wenger NS. A cross-sectional study of provider and patient characteristics associated with outpa- tient disclosures of dietary supplement use. Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Jul; 98(7): 830-836.
 
[2]  Guallar E, Stranges S, Mulrow C, Appel LJ, Miller ER. Enough Is Enough: Stop Wasting Money on Vitamin and Mineral Supplements. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Dec; 159(12): 850-851.
 
[3]  Lieberman HR, Marriott BP, Williams C, Judelson DA, Glickman EL, Geiselman PJ, Dot- son L, Mahoney CR. Patterns of Dietary Supplement Use among College Students. Clin- ical Nutrition. 2015 Oct; 34(5): 976-985.
 
[4]  Park K, Harnack L, Jacobs DR. Trends in Dietary Supplement Use in a Cohort of Postmenopausal Women from Iowa. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Apr; 169(7): 887-892.
 
[5]  Blendon RJ, DesRoches CM, Benson JM, Brodie M, Altman DE. Americans’ views on the use and regulation of dietary supplements. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Mar; 161(6): 805-810.
 
[6]  Wilson KM, Klein JD, Sesselberg TS, Yussman SM, Markow DB, Green AE, West JC, Gray NJ. Use of complementary medicine and dietary supplements among U.S. adoles- cents. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Apr; 38(4): 385-394.
 
[7]  MacKay D. Regarding the Regulation of Dietary Supplements. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jul; 105(7): e3.
 
[8]  Bailey RL, Gahche JJ, Miller PE, Thomas PR, Dwyer JT. Why US adults use dietary supplements. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Mar; 173(5): 355-361.
 
[9]  Dodge T. Consumers’ Perceptions of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act: Implications and Recommendations. Drug Test Anal. 2016 Mar-Apr; 8(3-4): 407-409.
 
[10]  Alhuwail D. Diabetes Applications for Arabic Speakers: A Critical Review of Avail- able Apps for Android and iOS Operated Smartphones. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016; 225: 587-591.
 
[11]  Kaposi I. The Culture and Politics of Internet Use among Young People in Kuwait. Cy-berpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace. 2014; 8(3).
 
[12]  Lyles CR, Ratanawongsa N, Bolen SD, Samal L. mHealth and Health Information Technology Tools for Diverse Patients with Diabetes. J Diabetes Res. 2017; 2017.
 
[13]  Tobey LN, Manore MM. Social Media and Nutrition Education: The Food Hero Experience. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 Mar-Apr; 46(2): 128-133.
 
[14]  Hamade SN. Perception and Use of Social Networking Sites among University Students. Library Review. 2013; 62(6/7): 388-397.
 
[15]  Pillitteri JL, Shiffman S, Rohay JM, Harkins AM, Burton SL, Wadden TA. Use of dietary supplements for weight loss in the United States: results of a national survey. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Apr; 16(4): 790-796.
 
[16]  Thorlton J, Park C, Hughes T. Diet pills, powders, and liquids: predictors of use by healthy weight females. J Sch Nurs. 2014 Apr; 30(2): 129-135.
 
[17]  Daily S. FDA Acts To Remove Ephedra-Containing Dietary Supplements From Market; 2004. [Online; accessed 10-December-2017]. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/11/041124160436.htm.
 
[18]  Daily S. Stimulant Potentially Dangerous to Health, FDA Warns; 2013. [On-line; accessed10-December-2017]. https://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm347270.htm.
 
[19]  Moreno MA. Seeking Health Information Online; 171(5): 500-500.
 
[20]  Holmberg C, E Chaplin J, Hillman T, Berg C. Adolescents’ Presentation of Food in Social Media: An Explorative Study. Appetite. 2016 Apr; 99: 121-129.
 
[21]  Lee K, Hoti K, Hughes JD, Emmerton L. Dr Google and the Consumer: A Qualitative Study Exploring the Navigational Needs and Online Health Information-Seeking Behav- iors of Consumers with Chronic Health Conditions;16(12): e262.
 
[22]  McGloin AF, Eslami S. Digital and Social Media Opportunities for Dietary Behaviour Change. Proc Nutr Soc. 2015 May; 74(2): 139-148.
 
[23]  Leak TM, Benavente L, Goodell LS, Lassiter A, Jones L, Bowen S. EFNEP graduates’ per- spectives on social media to supplement nutrition education: focus group findings from ac- tive users. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2014 Jun; 46(3): 203-208.
 
[24]  Twynstra J, Dworatzek P. Use of an Experiential Learning Assignment to Prepare Future Health Professionals to Utilize Social Media for Nutrition Communications. Can J Diet Pract Res. 2016 Mar; 77(1): 30-34.
 
[25]  Cash T, Desbrow B, Leveritt M, Ball L. Utilization and preference of nutrition information sources in Australia. Health Expectations. 2015 Dec; 18(6): 2288-2295.
 
[26]  Burns RD, Schiller MR, Merrick MA, Wolf KN. Intercollegiate student athlete use of nu- tritional supplements and the role of athletic trainers and dietitians in nutrition counseling. J Am Diet Assoc. 2004 Feb; 104(2): 246-249.
 
[27]  Cash T, Desbrow B, Leveritt M, Ball L. Utilization and preference of nutrition information sources in Australia. Health Expect. 2015 Dec; 18(6): 2288-2295.
 
[28]  Fahy E, Hardikar R, Fox A, Mackay S. Quality of patient health information on the Internet: reviewing a complex and evolving landscape. Australas Med J. 2014; 7(1): 24-28.
 
[29]  Shan LC, Panagiotopoulos P, Regan Á, De Brún A, Barnett J, Wall P, McConnon Á. In- teractive Communication with the Public: Qualitative Exploration of the Use of Social Media by Food and Health Organizations. J Nutr Educ Behav. 2015 Jan-Feb; 47(1): 104-108.
 
[30]  Boyer C, Selby M, Scherrer JR, Appel R. The Health on the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health Websites. Computers in biology and medicine. 1998; 28(5): 603-610.