Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017, 5(8), 575-578
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-5-8-7
Open AccessArticle

Proximate Composition, Nutrient Mineral and Fatty Acid of the Bunchosia glandulifera Fruit

Daiane Einhardt Blank1, Sara Fraga1, Mariana Bellaver1, Carla Eliete Iochims dos Santos2, Johnny Ferraz Dias3, Luiz Antônio Mendonça Alves da Costa4 and Neusa Fernandes de Moura1,

1Natural Products Research Group, Federal University of Rio Grande, Santo Antônio da Patrulha, Brazil

2Physics, Statistics and Mathematics Institute, Federal University of Rio Grande, Santo Antônio da Patrulha, Brazil

3Ion Implantation Laboratory, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre, Brazil

4Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Roraima, Boa Vista, RR, Brazil

Pub. Date: July 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Daiane Einhardt Blank, Sara Fraga, Mariana Bellaver, Carla Eliete Iochims dos Santos, Johnny Ferraz Dias, Luiz Antônio Mendonça Alves da Costa and Neusa Fernandes de Moura. Proximate Composition, Nutrient Mineral and Fatty Acid of the Bunchosia glandulifera Fruit. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2017; 5(8):575-578. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-5-8-7

Abstract

Bunchosia glandulifera is an exotic species found in southern of Brazil, of which the pulp and toasted seed are much used because of their stimulating properties and nutritional values. However, few scientific data are reported about the chemical composition of the B. glandulifera fruit and the benefits its consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the fatty acid, proximate and mineral composition of the fruit. The results revealed that soluble solids and sugars are present at high concentration in the pulp, whereas the seed predominantly contained protein and ash. According to the particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) measurement, the elemental composition revealed that K, P, Ca, and Mg are the most abundant minerals in the fruit. Interestingly, the ingestion of 200 g of the fruit provides 100% of the recommended daily ingestion (RDI) of some elements. Moreover, among the seventeen fatty acids found in the pulp and seed, palmitic acid (C16:0) was found to be the most concentrated.

Keywords:
mineral analysis proximate composition fatty acid Bunchosia glandulifera

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