Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020, 8(1), 39-49
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-8-1-6
Open AccessArticle

Food Literacy and Dietary Behaviour among Day Students of Senior High Schools in Winneba, Central Region of Ghana

Janet Agyarkwaa Oti1,

1Department of Home Economics Education, University of Education, Winneba, GHANA

Pub. Date: January 23, 2020

Cite this paper:
Janet Agyarkwaa Oti. Food Literacy and Dietary Behaviour among Day Students of Senior High Schools in Winneba, Central Region of Ghana. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020; 8(1):39-49. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-8-1-6

Abstract

This study investigated the extent to which food literacy competencies of day students in senior high school relates with their dietary behavior in Winneba. The study employed a descriptive survey design where the quantitative approach was followed. Using the purposive and stratified random sampling strategies, a sample size of 404 day students was selected for the study. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection which was analyzed using both descriptive (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation) and inferential (t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Moment Correlation) statistics. The study revealed that generally, even though day students had good food literacy skills, they exhibited different competencies in the food literacy constructs, it was discovered that food capacity (eat or intake) was dominant, followed by food selecting skills and preparation and food planning and management. The study further established that generally there was a moderate and statistically significant positive relationship (r=0.660, p<0.05, 2-tailed) between food literacy and students’ dietary behavior. Besides, it was found that the students exhibited inappropriate dietary behavior as greater proportion skipped meals notably breakfast, practiced excessive snacking, low consumption of fruits and vegetables with very few eating three square meals daily. Additionally, it was found that whereas age and form/class/level of students influenced their food literacy levels, gender and type of school attended did not influence their food literacy. Based on these results, it was recommended that school authorities should liaise with the Effutu Municipal Health Directorate to design and implement programmes to conscientize students on the need to be food literate and also to develop and practice effective dietary practices for optimum dietary behavior.

Keywords:
food literacy dietary behavior day senior high school students

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