World Journal of Chemical Education
ISSN (Print): 2375-1665 ISSN (Online): 2375-1657 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prof. V. Jagannadham
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World Journal of Chemical Education. 2019, 7(1), 21-25
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-7-1-3
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Microwave Extraction of Eugenol from Cloves: A Greener Undergraduate Experiment for the Organic Chemistry Lab

Brittany J. Crouse1, Emily L. Vernon2, Brittany A. Hubbard1, Stella Kim3, Melinda C. Box1 and Maria T. Gallardo-Williams1,

1Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States

2Department of Biochemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, United States

3Green Hope High School, Cary, North Carolina 27519, United States

Pub. Date: January 22, 2019

Cite this paper:
Brittany J. Crouse, Emily L. Vernon, Brittany A. Hubbard, Stella Kim, Melinda C. Box and Maria T. Gallardo-Williams. Microwave Extraction of Eugenol from Cloves: A Greener Undergraduate Experiment for the Organic Chemistry Lab. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2019; 7(1):21-25. doi: 10.12691/wjce-7-1-3


The extraction of eugenol from cloves is a frequent experiment in organic chemistry labs at the sophomore level. In this paper, the commonly used steam distillation procedure has been modified to use microwave extraction. This change resulted in a simplified procedure, a reduction in the amount of sample required, and an increase in the efficiency of the extraction of eugenol from dried cloves. These modifications led to reduction of waste and energy use. Variations of the solvent composition, solvent volume, and amount of cloves were tested. It was found that a 50/50 v/v mixture of ethanol and water with whole cloves produced satisfactory results at the undergraduate laboratory level for the selective extraction of eugenol with 1g of whole cloves in less time than steam distillation.

second-year undergraduate organic chemistry laboratory instruction natural products green chemistry

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