Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014, 2(7), 388-394
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-2-7-10
Open AccessArticle

Lipid Contents, Fatty Acid Profiles and Nutritional Quality of Nine Wild Caught Freshwater Fish Species of the Yangtze Basin, China

Zhimin Zhang1, Lianhua Liu2, Congxin Xie1, Dapeng Li1, Jun Xu3, Meng Zhang4 and Min Zhang1,

1College of Fisheries, Huazhong Agricultural University, Freshwater Aquaculture Collaborative Innovation Center of Hubei Province, Wuhan, P. R. China

2Key Laboratory of Pesticide and Chemical Biology of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, P. R. China

3Donghu Experimental Station of Lake Ecosystems, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology of China, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, P. R. China

4Jiangxi Academy of Environmental Sciences, Nanchang, P. R. China

Pub. Date: July 17, 2014

Cite this paper:
Zhimin Zhang, Lianhua Liu, Congxin Xie, Dapeng Li, Jun Xu, Meng Zhang and Min Zhang. Lipid Contents, Fatty Acid Profiles and Nutritional Quality of Nine Wild Caught Freshwater Fish Species of the Yangtze Basin, China. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2014; 2(7):388-394. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-2-7-10


Owing to the favorable effects of essential fatty acids on human health, a great degree of interest on fatty acid profiles and nutritional quality of fish species have been of interest in the recent years. The present study investigated the lipid content, fatty acid profiles and nutritional quality in nine freshwater fish species from the Ganjiang River in the Yangtze basin, China. Results showed that total lipid content of the dorsal muscle was 0.59–2.2% and that was inversely linked to moisture content (r2 = 0.79, p < 0.01). Wide ranges of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) (21.83 to 50.53%) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (19.43 to 45.60%) were found. The ratios of n-3 to n-6 PUFA ranged from 0.25 to 1.16 (p < 0.001). N-3 PUFA was dominated by eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids varying from 2.77 to 15.11% of total fatty acids. Indices of atherogenicity and thrombogenicity (IA and IT) based on fatty acid compositions ranged from 0.36 to 0.52 and 0.36 to 0.64 in all species, respectively (p < 0.001). These results indicated fatty acid profiles were different among the fish species and the potential of these species as dietary source of essential fatty acids from the nutritional standpoint.

lipids polyunsaturated fatty acids fish nutritional quality Ganjiang River

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