Manas Ranjan Jena, B.B. Mangaraj, Rajiv Pathak
American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. 2014, 2(3), 62-66DOI:
Abstract: In modern wireless communication systems and increasing of other wireless applications, wider bandwidth, multiband and low profile antennas are in great demand for both commercial and military applications. This has initiated antenna research in various directions; one of them is using fractal shaped antenna elements. Traditionally, each antenna operates at a single or dual frequency bands, where different antenna is needed for different applications. This will cause a limited space and place problem. In order to overcome this problem, multiband antenna can be used where a single antenna can operate at many frequency bands. One technique to construct a multiband antenna is by applying fractal shape into antenna geometry. This project presents the Sierpinski carpet patch antenna where this famous shape, the antenna behaviors are investigated. In addition to the theoretical design procedure, numerical simulation was performed using software (CST) to obtain design parameters such as size of patch and feeding location. The antennas have been analyzed and designed by using the software CST Microwave Studio Suite.