Seid Yimer, Omprakash Sahu
Sustainable Energy. 2014, 2(3), 81-84DOI:
Abstract: Energy is basic need for growth of any country. The world energy demand is increasing so rapidly because of increases in industrialization and population that limited reservoirs will soon be depleted at the current rate of consumption. Both the energy needs and increased environmental consciousness have stimulated the researching of an alternative solution. So an attempted has been made to investigation of biodiesel production using transesterification reaction with solid or heterogeneous catalyst at laboratory scale and to compare the physical properties with the standard biodiesel properties. The selected process parameters are temperature ranged from 318 K to 333 K, molar ratio of methanol to oil from 4:1 to 8:1, mass ratio of catalyst to oil from 3% to 5% and rotation speed at optimum biodiesel yield was produced at 600 rpm.