American Journal of Modeling and Optimization. 2013, 1(2), 19-24DOI:
Abstract: The presence of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) vector leads to differential group delay (DGD) between the polarization components, while the presence of polarization dependent loss (PDL) vector leads to attenuating one of the components and increases the other by a magnitude determined by PDL value. The study of each phenomenon individually does not give a proper description of the physical nature of the optical fiber system, because these two phenomena arise together at the same time. In this paper, we examine the combined effects of PMD and PDL to generate the random vectors at each section. We are derived a novel relations to explain the complex PMD vector through single section and concatenation sections, which lead to study the DGD and orthogonality of principal states of polarization (PSPs). However, the proposed recursive formulas proved that the PMD vector is complex. The results proved that the real/imaginary part of DGD has a Maxwellian (or Gaussian-Maxwellian)/ distribution and the PSPs vectors may be not orthogonal in presence of PDL.