American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcea Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2020, 8(4), 146-153
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-8-4-3
Open AccessArticle

Adaptive Design of the Built Environment to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of COVID-19

Zannat Ara Dilshad Shangi1, , Md. Imtiaz Ahmad2 and Sazdik Ahmed1

1Department of Architecture, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

2Department of Architecture, Leading University, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: November 25, 2020

Cite this paper:
Zannat Ara Dilshad Shangi, Md. Imtiaz Ahmad and Sazdik Ahmed. Adaptive Design of the Built Environment to Mitigate the Transmission Risk of COVID-19. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2020; 8(4):146-153. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-8-4-3

Abstract

The recent global outbreak of highly contagious novel coronavirus disease has aroused public concern on environmental health and personal hygiene issues. The world has seen the rapid spread of transmission of this infectious disease within the built environment as well as outside. Each country is facing a tremendous challenge to get rid of this disease. Addressing this global concern, the primary objective of this paper is to instigate a discourse about the potential contribution of adaptive design of the built environment on public health specially in residential sector of Bangladesh. Also, this paper assesses a framework which will provide a guideline responding to pressing questions about future considerations labeled as ‘The new normal’ and it will be helpful for other scenarios as well. Methodologically this discussion is based on a framework, which is utilized for the analysis of existing current situation and is operationalized by identifying and mentioning design implications. Moreover, this paper originates insights for areas where future research will be critically needed through discussing some key issues. Finally, the paper concludes with an outlook that captures considerations regarding practice of public health in adaptive use of the surrounding built environment to mitigate the transmission risk of COVID-19.

Keywords:
COVID-19 adaptive design pandemic control built environment hygienic solution transmission risk mitigation

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Figures

Figure of 10

References:

[1]  D.C.W. Ho et al., H.F. Leung, S.K. Wong, A.K.C. Cheung, S.S.Y. Lay, W.S. Wong, D.P.Y. Lung, K.W. Chau (2004) “Assessing the health and hygiene performance of apartment buildings” Facilities, Volume 22, Number 3/4, pp. 58-69.
 
[2]  Yaqian M, Lin W, Wen J, Chen G. 2020. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of SARS-Cov-2 and SARS-Cov: a system review. Infectious Diseases (except HIV/AIDS). medRxiv.
 
[3]  Rothe C, Schunk M, Sothmann P, Bretzel G, Froeschl G, Wallrauch C, Zimmer T, Thiel V, Janke C, Guggeemos W, Seilmaier M, Drosten C, Vollmar P, Zwirglmaier K, Zange S, Wolfel R, Hoelscher M, 2020. Transmission of 209-nCoV infection from an asymptomaic contact in Germany. N Engl J Med 382:970-971.
 
[4]  Leslie Dietz, Patrick F. Horve, David A. Coil, Mark Fretz, Jonathan A. Eisen, Kevin Van Den Wymelenberg (2020) “2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: Built Environment Considerations to Reduce Transmission” mSystems, Volume 5, Issue 2, e00245-20.
 
[5]  Bauer M, Mösle P, Schwarz M. Green Building: Guidebook for Sustainable Architecture. Berlino: Springer, 2009.
 
[6]  Commission of the European Communities. White Paper Together for Health: A Strategic Approach for the EU 2008-2013. http://ec.europa.eu/healtheu/doc/whitepaperen.pdf (accessed december 03 2012).
 
[7]  COVID-19 and the built environment: Examining how building design can influence disease transmission. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/04/200410162450.htm.
 
[8]  Fahimipour AK, Hartmann EM, Siemens A, Kline J, Levin DA, Wilson H, Betancourt-Román CM, Brown GZ, Fretz M, Northcutt D, Siemens KN, Huttenhower C, Green JL, Van Den Wymelenberg K. 2018. Daylight exposure modulates bacterial communities associated with household dust. Microbiome 6: 175.
 
[9]  https://www.forbes.com/sites/houzz/2014/01/02/6-ways-to-define- your-workspace-at-home/#2e6965b049e0..