Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
ISSN (Print): 2333-1119 ISSN (Online): 2333-1240 Website: https://www.sciepub.com/journal/jfnr Editor-in-chief: Prabhat Kumar Mandal
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2024, 12(1), 42-48
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-12-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Moderate Coffee Intake and Mediterranean Diet Adherence Alleviate Lipid and Oxidative Stress Markers in Older Women

Amel Zoubeyda Merzouk1, Hafida Merzouk1, , Meriem Benyelles1, Mohammed Benmansour2 and Nassima Mokhtari-Soulimane1

1Laboratory of Physiology, Physiopathology and Biochemistry of Nutrition, Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural and Life Sciences, Earth and Universe, Abou-Bekr Belkaïd University, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria

2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University – Hospital Center, Tlemcen 13000, Algeria

Pub. Date: January 22, 2024

Cite this paper:
Amel Zoubeyda Merzouk, Hafida Merzouk, Meriem Benyelles, Mohammed Benmansour and Nassima Mokhtari-Soulimane. Moderate Coffee Intake and Mediterranean Diet Adherence Alleviate Lipid and Oxidative Stress Markers in Older Women. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2024; 12(1):42-48. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-12-1-5

Abstract

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and coffee consumption offer several health benefits and could be recommended for the elderly. The objective of this study was to investigate oxidative stress markers and lipid levels in relation to MedDiet adherence and coffee intake in Algerian older women. Volunteer women aged over 65 years were recruited. Specific questionnaires were used to assess MedDiet adherence, nutritional status (MNA) and coffee intake. Blood lipids and oxidant/antioxidant markers were investigated with biochemical methods. The results showed that older women with low MedDiet adherence were at risk of malnutrition, with lower BMI, altered lipids (reduction in triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL- and HDL-cholesterol) and redox profile (reduction in antioxidants and increase in pro-oxidants) compared to older women with high MedDiet adherence, regardless of coffee consumption. Coffee consumption modulated plasma lipids and markers of oxidative stress similarly in women with low or high MedDiet adherence. High coffee intake increased total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels in older women while moderate coffee intake did not affect plasma lipids but induced a reduction in pro-oxidant markers (peroxynitrite, malondialdehyde and carbonyl proteins) and an increase in antioxidants (reduced glutathione, catalase and superoxide dismutase). In conclusion, a Mediterranean-style diet may have protective effects against oxidative stress and may improve lipid profile in older women. At the same time, moderate coffee consumption is also responsible for beneficial antioxidant effects.

Keywords:
older women Mediterranean diet coffee intake oxidative stress lipids

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