Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences
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Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2017, 5(2), 36-44
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-5-2-1
Open AccessReview Article

Tulpas and Mental Health: A Study of Non-Traumagenic Plural Experiences

Jacob J. Isler1,

1Department of Communication, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, United States

Pub. Date: September 28, 2017

Cite this paper:
Jacob J. Isler. Tulpas and Mental Health: A Study of Non-Traumagenic Plural Experiences. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2017; 5(2):36-44. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-5-2-1


Current models of mental health rely heavily on the assumption that only one agent of self exists in every one brain. Deviations from this model of singularity in mind are heavily stigmatized and often considered disordered. This paper opposes this bias by analyzing one form of plurality in consciousness: tulpamancy. Tulpamancy is a collection of meditative techniques used to create and interact with tulpas, which are experienced as fully autonomous and conscious entities within the mind. Research defining the relationship between tulpamancy and mental health is expanded on by analyzing the results of surveys conducted on the online tulpa community. The questionnaires investigate two associations previously found in members of the tulpa community. First, the prevalence of mental illness, which exists in over 50% of the population. Second, the reports of improvements in mental health and cognition, especially amongst those diagnosed with a mental or neurodevelopmental disorder. Study results reinforce the correlation between tulpa creation and perceived improvements in mental health. There is likely no causal relation between tulpamancy and the development of psychopathology. Tulpas are an experience of plurality that seem to coexist with optimal functionality, happiness, and mental health.

tulpas tulpamancy imaginary friends identity multiple identities plurality multiplicity dissociative identity disorder multiple personality disorder meditation

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