Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2014, 2(5), 100-109DOI:
Abstract: Climate change is increasingly been called a ‘human security’ problem, and there has been speculation that climate change may increase the risk of violent conﬂict. The broad contours of a research programme to guide empirical investigations into the risks climate change poses to human security and peace. It is now increasingly realised that even with the currently agreed regime of emissions control, concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) are likely to rise over the next few decades and over the millennia. Climate change is likely to threaten all life forms on earth with the extent of vulnerability varying across regions and populations within regions. Changes in temperature and precipitation patterns and numerous other factors will impact both natural and human systems. Climate sensitive sectors like agriculture, forestry, water resources and coastal regions, and, human systems including human health, human settlements, in dustry and energy sectors will be drastically affected. The South Asian experience can contribute to the larger literature on environment and security and, more particularly, to the literature on human security and sustainable development. It argues that chronic and structural impoverishment—rather than resource scarcity alone— forges the connection between environmental degradation and conflict. It also suggests that poverty and weak institutions of governance are the more immediate triggers of environmental insecurity.