Status of Female Education in Jammu and Kashmir Since 1950
Ruhee Rashid, Santosh Kumar Maharashi
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015 3 (6). doi: 10.12691/education-3-6-10
Keywords: status, sex ratio, women education, female literacy rate, Jammu & Kashmir
Abstract: Educated women in Jammu and Kashmir can play an important role in all round development of the state. The most powerful tool that changes the position of society and nation is only women’s education. Women’s education spreads very slowly in past but very fast in present period. Education improves the status of women within the family as well as in society. So we cannot ignore the importance of women’s education in reference to women empowerment in Jammu & Kashmir. For every citizen there is a need of positive attitude towards women’s education. The aim of this study is to examine the status of women’s education, causes of increasing and decreasing female literacy rate and sex ratio in some districts of Jammu and Kashmir from 1950 to present. The present study is based on secondary sources (census).
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Isolation and Characterization of Microbial Contamination from Computer Accessories used in Different Department of Hazara University and Diagnostic Laboratories of District Mansehra, Pakistan
Zeba Gul Burki, Mukhtiar Hassan, Faiza Naseer, Sohail Ahmad, Samiullah Burki, Mohammad Saleem, Attiya Nazish, Shafiq-ur- Rehman
American Journal of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology. 2015 3 (3). doi: 10.12691/ajidm-3-3-4
Keywords: E.coli, Klebsiella, Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermidis, Computer accessories, EMB agar, Mannitol salt agar, Antibiotic resistance
Abstract: 150 samples were collected from computer accessories used in Hazara University and different diagnostic laboratories of Mansehra, examined for the total bacterial count and maximum growths were observed. Samples were analyzed for further identification of micro-organisms such as E.coli, Klebsiella, Staph. aureus and Staph. epidermidis. These organisms were detected in the percentage of 46.66 of E. coli, 20% of Klebsiella, 16.66% of S. aureus & 16.66% of S. Epidermidis and identified on selective media, i.e. EMB agar and Mannitol salt agar. Furthermore, biochemical tests, including IMVIC Test, Catalase Test and Coagulase Tests were performed to confirm the presence of micro-organisms and their susceptibility also checked against different standard antibiotics and their zone of inhibitions were measured and noticed. E.coli showed maximum resistance of 97.36% against Erythromycin, Klebsiella showed against Amoxil + Clavolunic acid about 83.83%, Staph aureus showed against Erythromycin about 64.64% and Staph. epidermidis resistance was 90.9% against Erythromycin and Gentamycin. E.coli and Klebsiella showed maximum sensitivity for Meropenem 67.22% and 72.72% respectively while Staph. aureus and Staph. epidermidis maximum sensitivity for Vancomycin about 82.82% and 72.72% respectively. These results indicate that the computer accessories might act as environmental vehicles for the transmission of potentially pathogenic bacteria in our surroundings and also indicate the need for increasing awareness among computer users on cleaning of such surfaces or disinfection and adequate hand-washing hygiene.
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The Attitudes of the Police towards Persons with Mental Illness: A Cross-sectional Study from Benin City, Nigeria
Joyce O Omoaregba, Bawo O James, Nosa G Igbinowanhia, Wilson O Akhiwu
American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015 3 (3). doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-2
Keywords: police, mental illness, attitudes, nigeria, stigma
Abstract: In developing countries, the police are often required to intervene in matters relating to the mentally ill. They also constitute an important point in pathways to care. Negative attitudes towards the mentally ill limit the effectiveness of the police in facilitating care. This study sought to determine the attitudes of police officers and men towards individuals with mental illness as a way of guiding the development of appropriate anti-stigma interventions. A cross sectional study of police officers and men (n=219) was undertaken between July and August 2012 in Benin- City, Nigeria, using the self-administered Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI) questionnaire. Negative attitudes were prevalent among the police surveyed. They were authoritarian and less benevolent in their views regarding mental illness and the mentally ill. They were also majorly against ideas to incorporate mental health care in the community. Married policemen and those with greater than 12 years of formal education were found to be more benevolent in their attitudes towards the mentally ill. Clearly, anti-stigma campaigns involving educational sessions are needed in the Police force.
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Appraisal of a New Gravitational Constant
Sandro Antonelli
International Journal of Physics. 2015 3 (4). doi: 10.12691/ijp-3-4-1
Keywords: Alternative theories to General Relativity (TGR), Gravitational waves, Vorticity Tensor, Binary Star Systems, massive gravity. PACS. 04.30
Abstract: The need of extending the theory of relativity has led M.Tailherer to the hypothesis of a new fundamental equation and constant, embodying in a unique wave equation for the graviton the link between gradient of curvature and deformation of metric. As direct continuation of a preceding work, here a new assessment of the constant S in the Vortex Theory of gravitation is given in a more direct approach than 1st approximation yielding S =(2.5±1.2)E-19 m-1. Issues are concerned fitting by Maple four binary systems data, also allowing to assign a meaningful inertial mass to the graviton (5.5±2.6)E-61 Kg confirming known heuristic bounding. In Appendix an easy way of getting the vortex’s gradient formula is shown along with the whole action of the model and the description of the tide effect on a test mass with respect to a x polarized gravitational wave in the case of an asymmetric source.
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Comparative Study of Propofol and Thiopentone Sodium as Intravenous Induction Agents in General Anaestetic Surgical Procedures in a Teaching Hospital
S. Vijaya, Basav Raj Munge, KK. Lakshmi Prasad, M. Prasad Naidu
American Journal of Pharmacological Sciences. 2015 3 (3). doi: 10.12691/ajps-3-3-1
Keywords: propofol, thiopentone, anaesthetic agent and general surgical procedures
Abstract: Thiopentone and propofol are the intravenous induction anaesthetic agents used during general surgery. The study was done with an aim to compare the intra operative and the Post operative findings in Propofol and Thiopentone groups. The study was conducted in 100 adult patients of ASA grade 1 and grade II of aged between 18- 60 yrs of both sexes who were posted for different types of Surgical Procedures in department of anaesthesiology, General Hospital, RIMS, Srikakulam from January 2013 to October 2013. The intra-operative findings like Pulse rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation were measured in both groups and no significance difference was observed for pulse rate and oxygen saturation except for Blood pressure. Post operative findings especially response time and Orientation time was less in patients receiving Propofol when compared with Thiopentone group which is highly significant. Incidence of nausea, headache and shivering were more with thiopentone sodium than with propofol. In this study we concluded that propofol is better alternative to thiopentone sodium as main anaesthetic agent for general surgical procedures with less side effects.
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The Lack of Physics Teachers: “Like a Bath with the Plug out and the Tap half on”
Isaac Buabeng, Lindsey Conner, David Winter
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015 3 (6). doi: 10.12691/education-3-6-9
Keywords: classroom practices, teaching strategies, physics teachers, physics students
Abstract: In this study, we were interested in how approaches to teaching high school physics in New Zealand influenced students’ perceptions of physics and their consequent desire to continue with physics. We also investigated the reasons participants became physics teachers to inform how more teachers might be attracted into the profession. The convergent parallel design of this study used mixed methods including a national survey as well as classroom observations and interviews with teachers and students. The study has identified how a focus on content knowledge and more “traditional” teaching approaches tends to discourage students to progress with physics.
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Contemporary Plastic Visions of Glass Formation Arts to Enrich the Aesthetic and Creative Side upon the Students of Art Education at the University of Umm Al Qura- Saudi Arabia
Mona Ibrahim Hussein, Sanaa Mohamed Rashad Similan
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015 3 (6). doi: 10.12691/education-3-6-8
Keywords: glass, colors, raw material, creative thinking, experiment, research
Abstract: Through history the way of blowing in the glass had a special position in the production of bottles and vases of decorations, this method, which relies on air mobilization inside the vials and templates after heated and melted at high degrees of heat as the blowing process in a block of dough glass produces different forms of glass products such as jugs, vases, candy boxes, decoration boxes, flasks, and the artist identifies the form and the final size of the piece to be configured, and choose the decoration and etching type on the surface, and needs high technical skills such as assiduity in front of furnaces operating at high degrees of heat, and continuous training to master this industry, as well as providing creative and artistic ability to acquire more skill and then convoying time to keep up with innovation, development and production of various models from time to time. This research provides a modern entrances in teaching stained glass course at the Faculty of Education - Umm Al Qura University with plastic contemporary visions, so the educational and service institutions can benefit from the development of the artwork, in an effort to reach the highest degree of excellence in performance, and through the production of innovative art works in glass art, in order to identify the theoretical concepts related to the work of colored and stained glass to study the techniques and technical, aesthetic and utilitarian characteristics of glass and their applications.
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Continuing Education for High School Resource Teachers and Their Sense of Self-efficacy
France Dubé, Nancy Granger, France Dufour
American Journal of Educational Research. 2015 3 (6). doi: 10.12691/education-3-6-7
Keywords: continuing education, collaboration, high school teaching, students with learning difficulties, sense of self-efficacy
Abstract: This action-research project was conducted in three Quebec schools and its aim was to support resource teachers that teach high school students at risk and with learning difficulties. All participating resource teachers (N = 29) attended collaborative teachers-researchers meetings focusing on the characteristics and needs of students' with learning difficulties as well as on effective reading and writing strategies and procedures. Additionally, a test on their sense of self-efficacy was administered before and after the training. The paper also describes the mentoring and collaboration processes, the effects they had on actual classroom practices and on resource teachers' sense of self-efficacy. The facilitators and the obstacles encountered will also be presented and a few solutions will be proposed to improve this type of collaboration.
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Mutagenic Effects of Sodium Azide and Fast Neutron Irradiation on the Cytological Parameters of M2 Lagos Spinach (Celosia argentea var cristata L.)
Abubakar A., Falusi A. O., Daudu O. A. Y., Oluwajobi A. O., Dangana M. C., Abejide D. R.
World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2015 3 (3). doi: 10.12691/wjar-3-3-3
Keywords: celosia, sodium azide, fast neutron, pollen parameters, restitution
Abstract: The effects of fast neutron irradiation (FNI) and sodium azide (SA) on the pollen and cytological parameters of Celosia argentea was carried out. M1 seeds of treated C. argentea plant with fast neutron and sodium azide were collected from the seed bank of Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria and raised on the field to maturity stage. Young flower buds were collected from the plants for cytological studies. Cytological analysis of the plants revealed heterogeneous size of pollen grains, with three distinct variant of 29.12, 34.31 and 39.21 µm. The least average pollen diameters (32.66 µm) was recorded in 6.00 mM SA and the highest (37.58 µm) in 4.00 µS FNI. Significant variation (p≥0.05) in the numbers of pollen production per flower and anther were obtained. Lower percentage pollen fertilities were recorded in all the treated plants when compared with the control (94.15 %). However, these values were insignificance (p≤0.05), except for 8.00 mM which had the least of percentage pollen fertility of 71.62 %. The phenomenon of pollen restitution caused by abnormal meiotic division resulted in the formation of dyad, triad and tetrad in higher irradiated doses plants. Cytological analysis of the plant indicated that 8.00 µS had the highest mitotic index with metaphase (56.56) being the most frequent stage followed by telophase (28.40). Meiotic chromosomal counts revealed n = 18 at metaphase, with the formation of dyad and tetrad in most of the treated plants and the control. Abnormal meiotic division in 4.00 mM and 12.00 µS resulted in triad division. Observation from this study therefore, revealed that pollen restitution coupled with high mitotic index in 8 µS confer greater reproductive advantages to the plant.
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Bone Marrow Involvementas the Initial Presentation of Breast Cancer
Narjust Duma MD, Zhen Wang MD, Claudia Miranda MD
American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2015 3 (6). doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-3-6-8
Keywords: metastatic breast cancer, bone marrow involvement, plasma cell neoplasm, cytopenias
Abstract: Breast cancer has a predilection for spreading to the bone, brain, liver and lung, however metastasis to bone marrow resulting in bone marrow failure is considered rare. Here, we discuss a case of breast cancer presenting with bone marrow involvement and diffuse bone lytic lesions. The patient was an81 year old female presenting with back pain in the lumbar region for four months, progressively worsening despite physical therapy and oral analgesics. She was referred for magnetic resonance image which revealed diffuse bone lytic lesions. Follow up computed tomography of chest, abdomen and pelvis confirmed bone lesions but was negative for any primary malignancy. Peripheral blood studies showed white blood cell count of 4.5x 10³/µL, hemoglobin of 6.6g/dL, hematocrit of 21% and platelet count of 120.000/µL. She also had renal dysfunction with creatinine of 1.41mg/dL and calcium of 9.8mg/dL. Due to concern for a plasma cell neoplasia, the patient was referred to our oncology clinic. Physical examination was unremarkable and peripheral blood studies revealed IgG 1411mg/dL, IgA 292mg/dL, IgM 122mg/dL with undetectable serum and urine M spikes. She underwent a bone marrow biopsy which was negative for multiple myeloma but showed a neoplastic component in the marrow (approximately 5%) positive for Pan-Keratin, GATA3, ER and Cyclin D1, consistent with mammary carcinoma. During further questioning, she reported a normal screening mammogram one year prior to the onset of symptoms. Positron emission tomography (PET)was remarkable for extensive bony metastatic disease and a heterogeneous hyper-metabolic adrenal mass concerning for metastasis. She was started on endocrine therapy with a daily aromatase inhibitor and monthly Denosumab for bone metastasis. At her six month follow up, PET-scan showed stable disease. Currently, she remains on the same hormonal regimen with monthly follow up at the oncology clinic.
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