Physics and Materials Chemistry
ISSN (Print): 2372-7098 ISSN (Online): 2372-7101 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014, 2(1), 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Facile Synthesis of Poly (vinylalcohol)/Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membranes

S.K. Shakshooki1, , A.A. Elejmi1, A.M. Hamassi1, F.A. El-Akari1 and N.A. Masoud1

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya

Pub. Date: January 02, 2014

Cite this paper:
S.K. Shakshooki, A.A. Elejmi, A.M. Hamassi, F.A. El-Akari and N.A. Masoud. Facile Synthesis of Poly (vinylalcohol)/Fibrous Cerium Phosphate Nanocomposite Membranes. Physics and Materials Chemistry. 2014; 2(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/pmc-2-1-1


Nanosized fibrous cerium phosphates, Ce(HPO4)2.2.9H2O (nCePf), was prepared and characterized. Poly (vinylalcohol)/fibrous cerium phosphate nanocomposite membranes of different weight percentages (2.5,5,10 and 20 wt %) were synthesized. and found to be transparent flexible thin films. They were characterized by chemical, XRD, TGA analysis, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM images of PVA/nCePf nanocomposites show fibrous cerium phosphate in the nanometer scale, in the range of 12-15 nm, and was dispersed in the PVA matrix. The composite materials show to have mechanical and thermal stability properties superior to that of the original polymer. The exchange capacities of composite membranes were investigated and found to be equivalent to summation of ion exchange capacities of PVA and the inorganic filler (nCePf) wt % loading.

poly (vinylalcohol) fibrous cerium phosphate nanocomposite membranes

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 11


[1]  , A., Inorganic Ion Exchange Materials, Bocca Raton, CRC Press, FL. USA (1982).
[2]  Shakshooki . S.K, Naqvi .N, Kowaleczyk .J.K, Khalil. S, Rais. M and Tarish. F, Effect of composition of ion exchange properties of amorphous zirconium- titanium phosphates, Reactive Polymer, 7 (1988) 221.
[3]  Salvado, M.A., Pertierra,P., Tropajo, C. and Garcia, G.R., Crystal structure of cerium(iv) bishydrogen phosphate derivative, J.Am.Chem.Soc, 129 (2007) 10970.
[4]  Alberti, G. and Costantino, U, Recent progress in the field of synthetic inorganic exchanger having a layered and fibrous structure, J. Chromatogr., 102 (1974) 5.
[5]  Romano,R. and Alves,O.S., Fibrous cerium(iv) phosphate host of weak and strong Lewis bases, 51, (2005) 211.
[6]  Hayashi,H., Ebina,T., Nagasi,T., Onodera,Y. And Iwasaki,T., Sorption of trivalent meta ion exchanger on fibrous cerium(iv) hydrogen phosphate, J. Chem. Soc. Japan, (1997) 558.
[7]  Metwally, S.S., El-Gammal, B., Ali, H.F. and Abo-EL-Enein, S.A., Removal and separation of some radionuclides by poly-acrylamide based Ce(iv) phosphate, Separation Sci. and Tech., 46 (2011) 11.
[8]  Parangi, T., Wani, P. and Chudasama, U., Synthesis, characterization and application of cerium phosphate, Desalination and Water Treatment, 38 (2012) 126.
[9]  , A., Inorganic Ion Exchange Materials, Bocca Raton, CRC Press, FL. USA (1988).
[10]  Arjona, A.M., Rodrigouez, A.G., Bueno, F.R, Sanchez, E.V. and Conejo, G.L., On the retention of n-butylamine by crystalline and fibrous Ce(iv) phosphate, J.Chem.Tech. Biotechnol, 42 (1988) 83.
[11]  Casciola, M., Costantino, U. and D´amico, S., ac Conductivity of cerium(iv) phosphate in hydrogen form, Solid State Ionics, 28 (1988) 617.
[12]  Yang, Y., Liu, C. and Wen, H., Preparation and properties of polyvinyl alcohol/exfoliated α-zirconium phosphate, Polym. Test, 28, (2009) 185.
[13]  Nagarale, R.K., Shin, W and Singh, P.K., Progress in ionic organic-inorganic composite membranes for fuel cell application, Polym. Chem., 1 (2010) 388.
[14]  S.K.Shakshooki, S.K,Elejmi, A.A.,Khalfulla, A.M. and. Elfituri.S.S., Int. Conf. on Mater. Imperative, pp 49-70 (CD).Cairo, Egypt, 29/11-2/12, 2010.
[15]  Feng, Y., He, W., Zhang, X., Jia, X. and Zhao, H., The preparation of nanoparticle zirconium phosphate, Mater.Letters, 61 (2007) 3258.
[16]  Bao, C., Gua, Y., Song, L., Lu, H., Yuan, B., and Hu, Y., Facile synthesis of poly (vinyl alcohol) /α-titanium phosphate nanocomposite with markedly enhanced properties, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 50 (2010) 11109.
[17]  Yang, C. C., Chiu, S. J., Chien, W. C., Development of alkaline direct methanol fuel cells based on crosslinked PVA polymer membranes. J. Power Sources, 162 (2006) 21.
[18]  Helen, M., Viswanathan, B., Murthy, S. S., Poly (vinyl alcohol)-polyacrylamide blends with cesium salts of heteropolyacid as a polymer electrolyte for direct methanol fuel cell applications., J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 116 (2010) 3437.
[19]  Paralikara, S. A., Simonsen, J., Lombardi, J., Poly (vinyl alcohol) /cellulose nanocrystal barrier membranes. J. Membr. Sci., 320 (2008),248.
[20]  Sullad, A. G., Manjeshwar, L. S., Aminabhavi, T. M., Polymeric blend micro spheres for controlled release of theophylline. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 117 (2010) 1361.
[21]  Wang, X.L. and Wang, Y.Z., Synthesis and properties of thermophylic PVA-grafted lactic acid copolymer, Ind.Eng.Chem.Res., 48 (2009) 788.
[22]  Spalids, A.A., Katsaros,F.K., Romanos, G.E., Kakizis, N.K., and Kanellopoulos,,N.K., preparation and characterization of novel PVA zoster flakes composites for packaging applications, Composites Bi.Eng., 48 (2007) 398.
[23]  Soundrajah, H.J., Karumartre, B.S.B., and Rajapkse, R.M.G., Thermalproerties of PVA montmorillonite nanocomposites, J. Compos. Mater., 44 (2010) 303.
[24]  Liang, J.J., Huang,Y., Zhang,L., Wang,Y., Ma,Y.F., Guo, T.Y.and Chen.Y.C.,Molecular level dispersion of grapheme into polyvinylalcohol, Adv.Funct. Mater., 19 (2009) 2297.
[25]  Sulvagione,H.J., Martinez, G., and Gmez, M.,A., Synthesis PVA/reduced graphite oxide with improved thermal and electrical properties, J.Mater. Chem., 19 (2009) 5027.
[26]  Shakshooki, S.K., El-Akari, F.A., Al-fituri, S.M. and Elfituri, S.S., Fibrous cerium(iv) hydrogenphosphate membrane self supported benzimidazole polymerization agent, DOi:10.4026 Sci net., Adv. Mater. Res., 856 (2014) 3-9.