Journal of Cancer Research and Treatment
ISSN (Print): 2374-1996 ISSN (Online): 2374-2003 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/jcrt Editor-in-chief: Jean Rommelaere
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
Journal of Cancer Research and Treatment. 2021, 9(1), 12-21
DOI: 10.12691/jcrt-9-1-2
Open AccessArticle

Self-Knowledge among Women with Cervical Cancer

Hagar Kamal1, Ragaa Ali2, Soad Abd El Salam3 and Hanan Elzeblawy Hassan1,

1Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

2Maternity & Neonatal Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Egypt

3Obstetrics and Women Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Benha University, Egypt

Pub. Date: March 19, 2021

Cite this paper:
Hagar Kamal, Ragaa Ali, Soad Abd El Salam and Hanan Elzeblawy Hassan. Self-Knowledge among Women with Cervical Cancer. Journal of Cancer Research and Treatment. 2021; 9(1):12-21. doi: 10.12691/jcrt-9-1-2

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is the 4th most frequent cancer in women. Aim: The present study aimed to assess self-knowledge among women with cervical cancer. Methods; Design: A descriptive research design was used. Setting: out-patient clinic in the oncology unit at Beni-Suef University Hospital. Subjects: A purposive sample of 70 women. Tools: Data was collected through a structured interviewing questionnaire sheet and a scoring system for women’s knowledge about cervical cancer. Results: The results of the study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference in the women's knowledge about cervical cancer, and socio-demographic characteristics. Conclusion: The study concluded that socio-demographic characteristics of women could affect their knowledge level regarding cervical cancer. Recommendations: Implement an educational program and disseminate information that focuses on educating women about cervical cancer risks, prevention, and early detection to enhance uptake of cervical cancer.

Keywords:
cervical cancer Women's knowledge

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Mehtas S. & Sachdva, P. Colposcopy of female genital tract, 2017; 1st edition, Springer, pp 3-5, available at; https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811017049.
 
[2]  Salhan S. Text book of obstetrics, 2016; 2nd edition, the health science publisher, New delhi, India, pp 13-15
 
[3]  Nady F., El-Sherbiny M., Youness E., Hassan H. Effectiveness of Quality of Life Planned Teaching Program on Women Undergoing Gynecologic Cancer Treatment. American Research Journal of Oncology. 2018; 1(1): 1-17.
 
[4]  Mohamed A., Hassan H., Gamel W., Arafa A. Awareness about breast and cervical cancers among nursing students in Beni-Suef University. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 2019; 9(5): 44-51.
 
[5]  Nady F., Said M., Youness E., Hassan H. Effect of Nursing Intervention Program on Quality of Life Improvement for Women Undergoing Gynecological and Breast Cancer Treatment. Assuit Scientific Nursing Journal, 2018; 6(15): 62-77.
 
[6]  Hassan H., Atwa A. Occupational Stress, Job Satisfaction and Cervical Screening Intention of Maternity Oncology Nurses, Medical Science & Healthcare Practice, 2017; 1(1): 48-59.
 
[7]  Atwa A., Hassan H., Ahmed S. The impact of a hospital-based awareness program on the knowledge of patients about breast cancer and cancer cervix. International Journal of Studies in Nursing. 2019; 4(1): 20-29.
 
[8]  WHO, Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer, 2018; available at; https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/human-papillomavirus-(hpv)-and-cervical-cancer.
 
[9]  Said S., Hassan H., Sarhan A. Effect of an Educational Intervention on Women's Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Cervical Cancer. American Journal of Nursing Research, 2018; 6(2): 59-66.
 
[10]  Nady F., Said M., Youness E., Hassan H. Impact of Tailored Educational Program of Quality of Life Improvement on Women Undergoing Breast Cancer Treatment at El-Minia Region, Egypt. American Research Journal of Gynaecology. 2017; 1(1): 1-17.
 
[11]  American Cancer Society, Treatment Options for Cervical Cancer, by Stage, 2020; available at; https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervical-cancer/treating/by-stage.html.
 
[12]  Aldhafar A., Alhulayb A., Khan T. Knowledge, Early Signs and Symptoms, Risk Factors and Prevention of Cervical Cancer among Teachers in the Urban Schools in Al-Ahsa, 2016; available at; https://www.ijss-sn.com/uploads/2/0/1/5/20153321/ijss_jun_oa18-2016.pdf.
 
[13]  World Health Organization, Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control A guide to essential practice, Second edition, 2014; available at; file:///C:/Users/zas/Downloads/9789241548953_eng.pdf.
 
[14]  Chun, C. What you need to know about cervical cancer, 2019; available at; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/159821.php.
 
[15]  Makata N. & Ali C. Cervical Cancer: A Health Limiting Condition, 2016; available at; https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303835734_Cervical_Cancer_A_Health_Limiting_Condition.
 
[16]  Tobias J. & Hochhauser D. Cancer and its Management, 2015, 7th edition, Wiley-Blackwell, available at; https://www.wiley.com/.../Cancer+and+its+Management%2C+7th+Ed.
 
[17]  Verma A. & singh A. Animal Biotechnology: Models in Discovery and Translation, 2014; 1st edition, Elsevier, USA, chapter 6, pp: 103.
 
[18]  Alexander L.,‏ LaRosa J., James, W., Garfield S., Bader H. New Dimensions in Women's Health, 2016; 7th edition , Jones and Bartlett learning, USA, pp 292.
 
[19]  Salcedo P., Baker S., Schmeler M. Intraepithelial neoplasia of the lower genital tract (cervix, vagina, vulva): etiology, screening, diagnosis, management. In: Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, Lentz GM, Valea FA, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology, 2017; 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier: chap 28.
 
[20]  Hassan H., Bayoumi M., Atwa A. Emotional Distress Associated with Gynecologic and Breast Cancer in Beni-Suef City. International Journal of Science and Research, 2016; 5(2): 1118-1129.
 
[21]  Abd El Salam S., Hassan H., Kamal K., Ali R. Women's Sexual Dysfunction Associated with Cervical Cancer. Applied Science and Computer Mathematics, 2021; 2(1): 17-27.
 
[22]  Hassan H., Masaud H., Mohammed R., Ramadan S. Self-Knowledge and Body Image among Cervical Cancer Survivors' Women in Northern Upper Egypt. Further Applied Healthcare, 2021; 1(1): 1-12
 
[23]  Masaud H., Hassan H., Mohammed R., Ramadan S. Women's Sexual Distress Associated with Cervical Cancer. Sumerianz Journal of Medical and Healthcare, 2021; 4(1): 28-34.
 
[24]  Ramadan S., Hassan H., Masaud H., Mohammed R. Women's Body Image Distress Associated with Cervical Cancer. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 2021; 5(1):
 
[25]  Hassan H., Ramadan S., Ali R., Kamal H. Sexual Issues among Cervical Cancer Survivors' Women in Northern Upper Egypt. Journal of Advanced Trends in Basic and Applied Science, 2021; 1(1).
 
[26]  Qalawa, Sh., Eldeeb, A., & Hassan, H. Young Adult Women’s intention regarding breast and cervical cancer screening in Beni-Suef. Scientific Research Journal, 2015; 3(3): 11-24.
 
[27]  Zagloul, M., Naser, E., Hassan, H. Educational Program Management for Female Workers at Port Said University. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 2020; 5(3): 1-16.
 
[28]  Hassan H., Saber N., Sheha E. Comprehension of Dyspareunia and Related Anxiety among Northern Upper Egyptian women: Impact of Nursing Consultation Context Using PLISSIT Model. Nursing & Care Open Access Journal. 2019; 6(1): 1-19.
 
[29]  Hassan H., Mohammed R., Ramadan S., Masaud H. Impact of an Educational Program on Sexual Issues among Cervical Cancer Survivors' Women in Northern Upper Egypt. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 2021; 5(1): 1-16.
 
[30]  Ali R., Kamal H., Hassan H., Abd El Salam S. Impact of an Educational Program on Sexual Distress Associated With Cervical Cancer. Further Applied Healthcare, 2021; 1(1): 30-42
 
[31]  Ifemelumma C., Okorochukwu B., Onu F., Obuna J., Ejikeme B., Ezeonu O. Cervical Cancer Screening: Assessment of Perception and Utilization of Services among Health Workers in Low Resource Setting, International Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 2019.
 
[32]  Rybalka N., Zabolotnov A., Kamilova K. Obstetrics and gynecology Textbook, 2018; Gynecolog simfero, Simferopol, Vol. 2, chapter 2, pp: 174.
 
[33]  Cornforth T. & Sadaty A. Colposcopy Overview What to expect when undergoing this test, 2019, available at; https://www.verywellhealth.com/what-is-a-colposcopy-3520585.
 
[34]  Klopp H., Eifel J., Berek S., Konstantinopoulos A., DeVita T., Lawrence S., Rosenberg A. Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology. 2015; 10th edition. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 72: 1013-1047.
 
[35]  American Cancer Society. MRI for Cancer, 2015; available at; https://www.cancer.org/treatment/understanding-your- diagnosis/tests/mri-for-cancer.
 
[36]  Nordqvist C. & Marcin J. PET scans: Uses, risks, and procedure, 2017; available at; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/154877.php.
 
[37]  Boardman C. & Huh W. Cervical Cancer Workup, 2019; available at ; https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/253513-workup.
 
[38]  Hassan H. Early Stage Cervical Cancer: Survivorship and Fertility preservation. American Research Journal of Oncology, 2020; 2(1): 1-3.
 
[39]  Rushdan M., Eng T., Jen L. Gynecologic Cancer: A Handbook for Students and Practitioners,1st edition, Pan Stanford publishing, USA, 2014; pp: 2014-242.
 
[40]  Markovic N. & Markovic O. What Every Woman Should Know about Cervical Cancer: Revised and Updated, 2016; 2nd edition, Springer; pp: 102-107.
 
[41]  Garza J., Morales, F., Meneses A. Cervical Cancer, 2017; 1st edition, Springer, pp: 163-215.
 
[42]  National cancer institute. Radiation Therapy to Treat Cancer, 2019; available at; https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types/radiation-therapy.
 
[43]  Carter A. & Brazier Y. What you need to know about chemotherapy, 2019; available at; https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/158401.php.
 
[44]  Chiras D. Human biology, 2019; 9th edition, jones and bartlett learning, USA; pp: 531, available at; books.google.com.eg› books.
 
[45]  Zamarin D., Jazaeri A. Leveraging immunotherapy for the treatment of gynecologic cancers in the era of precision medicine, Gynecol Oncol., 2016; 141(1).
 
[46]  American Cancer Society. Cervical Cancer Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention, 2017; available at; https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/CRC/PDF/Public/8600.00.pdf.
 
[47]  Somashekhar P., Ashwin R. Management of Early Stage Cervical Cancer, 2015; available at; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26411950.
 
[48]  Rowland H., Carter J. New ASCO Guideline on Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People with Cancer, 2018; available at; https://gicasym.org/daily-news/new-asco-guideline-interventions-address-sexual-problems-people-cancer.
 
[49]  Hassan H., Kamal H., Abd El Salam S., Ali R. Survivors from Cervical Cancer: Impact of an Educational Program on Self-Knowledge and body-Image. Public Health Open Access, 2021; 5(2):1-7.
 
[50]  Abd El Salam., Ali R., Hassan H., Kamal H. Outcome of an Educational Program on Body Image Distress Associated with Cervical Cancer. Journal of Advanced Trends in Basic and Applied Science, 2021; 1(1).
 
[51]  Ali R., Abd El Salam S., Kamal H., Hassan H. Women with Cervical Cancer: Impact of an Educational Program their Knowledge. Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, 2021; 5(2): 1-8.
 
[52]  Hassan H., Ali R., Abd El Salam S., Kamal H. Impact of an Educational Program on Sexual Dysfunction Associated With Cervical Cancer. Journal of Cancer Research and Treatment, 2021; 9(2)
 
[53]  Getahun F., Mazengia F., Abuhay M., Birhanu Z. Comprehensive knowledge about cervical cancer is low among women in Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Cancer, 2013; 13, 2.
 
[54]  Elgendy A., Hassan H., Elsaid F., EL-Sherbeny E. Nurses’ Awareness Regarding Zika Virusin Beni-Suef Governorate. American Research Journal of Public Health. 2018; 1(1): 30-42.
 
[55]  Sheha E., Hassan H., Elsherbeny E., Elgendy A. Integrated Intervention Program for Pregnant Women toward ZIKА Virus Infection in Upper Egypt. International Journal of Studies in Nursing, 2021; 6(1).
 
[56]  Mitiku I., Tefera F. Knowledge about Cervical Cancer and Associated Factors among 15-49 Year Old Women in Dessie Town, Northeast Ethiopia. PLoS ONE, 2016.
 
[57]  Sabilu Y, Kusnan A, Saptaputra S, et al. The Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) In Women Sexual Workers (WSW) in Southeast Su- lawesi Province. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2016; 5(6): 119-122.
 
[58]  Hassan H, Nasr E. Improving nurses’ knowledge and skills regarding tocolytics for inhibiting preterm labor. Clinical Nursing Studies. 2017; 5(1): 1-12.
 
[59]  Hassan H. Infertility profile, psychological ramifications and reproductive tract infection among infertile women, in northern Upper Egypt. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2016; 6(4): 92-108.
 
[60]  Hassan H. Evidence-Based Practice in Midwifery and Maternity Nursing for Excellent Quality of Care Outcomes. American Journal of Nursing Research, 2020; 8(6): 606-607.