Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis
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Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis. 2021, 4(1), 40-46
DOI: 10.12691/jaaepa-4-1-5
Open AccessArticle

Productivity and Profitability of Strip Cropping and Shifting Cultivation in Bandarban, Bangladesh

Abdul Hamid1, , Abdul Gafur1, Ashrafun Nahar2, G.M. Monirul Alam2, Sonia RashidMd. Farid Uddin3, Md. Kamrul Islam4, M.A. Mannan Mollah5 and Mong Sanue Marma6

1Agrarian Research Foundation, 315 Krishibid City, Savar, Dhaka 1340, Bangladesh

2Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh

35Hill Cotton Research Station, Balaghata, Bandarban 1600, Bangladesh

4Cotton Development Board, Rear Building, Khamarbari, Khamarbari Sarak, Dhaka 1215, Bangladesh

5Agriculture Department, Kazi Azimuddin College, Joydebpur, Gazipur 1700, Bangladesh

6Hill Cotton Research Station, Balaghata, Bandarban 1600, Bangladesh

Pub. Date: August 23, 2021

Cite this paper:
Abdul Hamid, Abdul Gafur, Ashrafun Nahar, G.M. Monirul Alam, Sonia RashidMd. Farid Uddin, Md. Kamrul Islam, M.A. Mannan Mollah and Mong Sanue Marma. Productivity and Profitability of Strip Cropping and Shifting Cultivation in Bandarban, Bangladesh. Journal of Applied Agricultural Economics and Policy Analysis. 2021; 4(1):40-46. doi: 10.12691/jaaepa-4-1-5

Abstract

Agricultural production in the Chattogram Hill Tracts (CHT), located in southeast corner of Bangladesh, is constrained by farmers’ socio-economic conditions and land topography. Farmers practice low input based, labor intensive shifting cultivation in the uplands as livelihood strategy. Productivity is low and most farm households suffer from food insecurity. Despite efforts of controlling shifting cultivation, no better options for farmers are available. In this paper we provide an analysis of the performance of strip cropping system in comparison with traditional shifting cultivation. Data were collected conducting participatory on-farm experiments involving farmers representing three tribes in three villages covering two upazilas of Bandarban district during 2020-2021. Upland rice, maize and cotton were grown in strips following standard planting configuration for each crop and simultaneously growing crops in shifting cultivation at farmers’ choice. Results indicated that strip cropping of maize, rice and cotton in combination produced higher economic return than the crops grown in shifting cultivation. Switching to new cropping practice will require training and policy support.

Keywords:
shifting cultivation tribal farmers strip cropping participatory on-farm trial

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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