Chemical Engineering and Science
ISSN (Print): 2328-7381 ISSN (Online): 2328-7373 Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ces Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
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Chemical Engineering and Science. 2018, 5(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ces-5-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Fingerprints of Some Crude Oil Polluted Soils from Niger Delta, Nigeria

Udeh Ogochukwu Vivian1, Osuji Leo C.1 and Achugasim Ozioma1,

1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Pub. Date: May 04, 2018

Cite this paper:
Udeh Ogochukwu Vivian, Osuji Leo C. and Achugasim Ozioma. Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Fingerprints of Some Crude Oil Polluted Soils from Niger Delta, Nigeria. Chemical Engineering and Science. 2018; 5(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ces-5-1-1

Abstract

Crude oil-polluted soil samples were collected from five different oil polluted sites at Etche, Ahoada, Bodo, Ebocha and Bille in Niger Delta. The samples were analyzed using Gas chromatography with Flame ionization detector (GC-FID) for the Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon (TPH) to determine the different oil fractions and thus provide evidence of hydrocarbon contamination at the affected sites. The Pristane/Phytane ratios of the samples indicated that the released oil had both oxidizing and reducing source input. Similarly, the n-alkane distribution gave carbon preference index (CPI) values that pointed to both marine and terrestrial source input. The similarities in pattern from the star diagram also points to the marine and terrestrial source inputs to the oils. Depletions of nC21-nC23 hydrocarbon fractions and disappearance of nC8-nC21 fractions from gas chromatogram showed serious degradation on the sites.

Keywords:
gas chromatography fingerprinting total petroleum hydrocarbon carbon preference index pristane phytane

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