American Journal of Nursing Research
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American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, 8(3), 392-398
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-9
Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Social Support and Fatigue Severity among Hemodialysis Patients

Hanan Mohammed Garwai1, Iman Abdullah Mohammed Abdulmutalib2, and Asmaa Hamdi Mohammed3

1Unit Manager, Maternity and Children Hospital, Makkah, KSA

2Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

3Medical-Surgical Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, KSA

Pub. Date: April 17, 2020

Cite this paper:
Hanan Mohammed Garwai, Iman Abdullah Mohammed Abdulmutalib and Asmaa Hamdi Mohammed. The Relationship between Social Support and Fatigue Severity among Hemodialysis Patients. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(3):392-398. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-3-9

Abstract

Fatigue is a frequent complaint of hemodialysis patients and occurs after dialysis sessions. Dealing with fatigue in dialysis patients requires effective social support. Hemodialysis patients receive a high level of social support. The study aimed to assess the relationship between social support and fatigue severity among hemodialysis patients. A quantitative descriptive correlational research design was used. The study was conducted in the Artificial Kidney Unit at AL Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. A convenience sample of 65 adult hemodialysis patients was recruited. Data were collected through two tools; Tool I, Fatigue Severity Scale which consists of two parts; Part I, Socio-demographic and clinical data. Part II, Fatigue Severity Scale to measure the severity of fatigue. Tool II, a Multidimensional scale of perceived social support to measure how much support a patient feels they get from family, friends and significant others. The study results showed that 40.0 % of the studied participants had no fatigue, 35.4 % had mild fatigue, while 23.1 % had moderate fatigue and 1.5 % had severe fatigue. It was found that 52.3 % had moderate social support, 44.6 % had high social support, and 3.1 % had low social support. There was a positive correlation with statistical significance between the severity of fatigue and total social support with p-value 0.016, particularly significant others and family support with p-value 0.001, and 0.030, respectively. It was concluded that there was a relationship between social support and fatigue severity among hemodialysis patients. The current study recommended raising the awareness of family, friends, and special person regarding the importance of social support for hemodialysis patients.

Keywords:
fatigue severity hemodialysis social support

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