American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2017, 5(4), 110-116
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-5-4-1
Open AccessArticle

A Review of the Surface Drives Employed for High Speed Planing Craft

Ali Eskafi Noghani1, Hassan Ghassemi2, and Gholam Reza Parvizi1

1Department of Marine Engineering, Imam Khomeini Naval University, Nowshahr, Iran

2Department of Maritime Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Pub. Date: June 24, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ali Eskafi Noghani, Hassan Ghassemi and Gholam Reza Parvizi. A Review of the Surface Drives Employed for High Speed Planing Craft. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2017; 5(4):110-116. doi: 10.12691/ajme-5-4-1


Marine propulsion systems are the core of high speed planing craft (HSPC), a major factor in creating acceleration, and speed retaining therein. HSPC have used many surface drives to drive the craft. The propulsion systems installed on these vessels are always an important factor for buyers and users, This article reviews and compares the several different of surface drives system been designed for planing boat and the important factors to evaluate a surface drive system have later been investigated, The overall results show that the best propulsion system have higher safety and reasonable price and lower maintenance cost per year and can provide more speed for boats. Hence, the articulated surface drives while having high hydrodynamic efficiency will be a priority for installed on most new planing craft.

high speed planing craft surface drive SPP Q-SPD Levi drive arneson Topsystem

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Oberembt H. Zur bestimmung der instationären flügelkräfte bei einem pro-peller mit aus dem wasser herausschlagenden flügeln. Bericht Nr. 247: University of Hamburg; 1968, July.
[2]  Wang D. Water entry and exit of a fully ventilated foil. J Ship Res 1977; 21: 44-68.
[3]  Wang D. Oblique water entry and exit of a fully ventilated foil. J Ship Res1979; 23: 43-54.
[4]  Furuya O. A performance prediction theory for partially submerged ventilated propellers. In: Fifteenth Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics.1984.
[5]  Furuya O. A performance prediction theory for partially submerged ventilated propellers. J Fluid Mech 1985; 151: 311-35.
[6]  Wang G, Zhu X, Sheng Z. Hydrodynamic forces of a three dimensional fully ventilated foil entering water. J Hydrodyn 1990; 5(2).
[7]  Wang G, Jia D, Sheng Z. Hydrodynamic performance of partially submerged ventilated propeller. Shipbuilding of China, vol. 109; 1990. p. 22-31.
[8]  Wang G, Jia D, Sheng Z. Study on propeller characteristics near water surface. In: The 2nd Symposium on Propeller and Cavitation. 1992. p. 161-8.
[9]  Rose JC, Kruppa CFL. Testing of partially submerged propellers, Appendix V, Cavitation committee report, 13th ITTC, Berlin, Humburg, 1991.
[10]  Kudo T, Ukon Y. Calculation of super cavitating propeller performance using a vortex-lattice method. In: Second International Symposium on Cavitation.1994. p. 40-8.
[11]  Kudo T, Kinnas S. Application of vortex/source lattice method on super cavitating propellers. In: 24th American Towing Tank Conference. 1995.
[12]  Kamen, P. Surface‐Piercing Propellers, published in professional boat buuilder magazine, Society of naval architects and marine engineers. California, 1995.
[13]  Olofsson N. Force and flow characteristics of a partially submerged propeller, PhD dissertation, Chalmers University of technology, Gotborg, Sweden, 1996.
[14]  Dyson PK, The modeling, testing and design of a surface piercing propeller drive. PhD dissertation Plymouth University; 2000, October.
[15]  Ferrando M, Scamarella A, Bose N, Lui P, Veitch B. Performance of a family of sur-face piercing propellers. Royal Institute for Naval Architects (RINA) Transaction; 2002.
[16]  Young YL., Numerical Modeling of super cavitating and surface-piercing propellers. The University of Texas at Austin; 2002, May. PhD dissertation.
[17]  Caponnetto M. RANSE simulations of surface piercing propellers. In: 6thNumerical Towing Tank Symposium. 2003, October.
[18]  Peterson D., Surface piercing propeller performance, MSc Thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, California, 2005.
[19]  Viviani M, Podenzana BC, Mauro S, Cerruti M, Guadalupi D, Menna A. Analysis of asymmetrical shaft power increase during tight manoeuvre. In: 9thInternational conference on high performance marine vehicles (FAST). 2007.
[20]  Ghassemi H, Kohansal AR, Ghiassi M., Numerical Prediction of Induced Pressure and Lift of the Planing Surfaces, China Ocean Engineering 23 (2), 221-232.
[21]  Broglia R, Dubbioso G, Durante D, Mascio AD. Simulation of turning circle by CFD: analysis of different propeller models and their effect on maneuvering prediction. Appl Ocean Res 2013; 39 (January): 1-10.
[22]  Heimei K. Numerical analysis of unsteady open water characteristic of sur-face piercing propeller. In: 3rd International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. 2013.
[23]  Yari E, Ghassemi H. Numerical analysis of surface piercing propeller in unsteady conditions and cupped effect on ventilation pattern of blade cross-section, J Mar Sci Technol (2016) 21: 501-516.
[24]  Ghassemi H, Ghiasi M. A combined method for the hydrodynamic characteristics of planing crafts, Ocean Engineering 35 (3), 310-322.
[25]  Kohansal AR. Ghassemi H., A numerical modeling of hydrodynamic characteristics of various planing hull forms, Ocean Engineering 37 (5), 498-510.
[26]  Yari E., Ghassemi H. Numerical Investigation of Fluid Flow Around a Cross-Section of Surface Piercing Propeller with Linear Trailing Edge Profile in Various Weber Numbers, Int J of MaritimeTechnology 12 (23), 1-14.
[27]  ABS Rules for conditions of classification-high speed craft, Part1-e, 2012.