American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014, 2(4), 103-113
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-2-4-2
Open AccessArticle

Thermoelastic Analysis of Disk Brakes Rotor

Bouchetara Mostefa1 and Belhocine Ali1,

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, USTO University, Oran, Algeria

Pub. Date: August 20, 2014

Cite this paper:
Bouchetara Mostefa and Belhocine Ali. Thermoelastic Analysis of Disk Brakes Rotor. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2014; 2(4):103-113. doi: 10.12691/ajme-2-4-2


The main purpose of this study is to analyze the thermomechanical behavior of the dry contact between the brake disk and pads during the braking phase. The simulation strategy is based on computer code ANSYS11. The modeling of transient temperature in the disk is actually used to identify the factor of geometric design of the disk to install the ventilation system in vehicles The thermal-structural analysis is then used with coupling to determine the deformation and the Von Mises stress established in the disk, the contact pressure distribution in pads. The results are satisfactory when compared to those of the specialized literature.

brake disks heat flux heat transfer coefficient von mises stress contact pressure

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 24


[1]  Milenković, P. D. et al. (2010) The influence of brake pads thermal conductivity on passanger car brake system efficiency. Therm. Sci. Vol. 14(Suppl.), S221-S230.
[2]  K. J. Lee and J. R. Barber, “An Experimental Investigation of Frictionally-Excited Thermoelastic Instability in Automotive Disk Brakes Under a Drag Brake Application”, J.Tribol, vol. 116, 1994, pp. 409-414.
[3]  O. Altuzarra, E. Amezua, R. Aviles and A. Hernandez, “Judder vibration in disc brakes excited by thermoelastic instability”, Eng. comput, vol. 19, no. 4, 2002, pp. 411-430.
[4]  Y. H. Jang and S. H. Ahn, “Frictionally-excited thermoelastic instability in functionally graded material”, Wear, vol. 262, 2007, pp. 1102-1112.
[5]  B. Y. Yi, J. R. Barber and P. Zagrodzki, “Eigenvalue solution of thermoelastic instability problems using Fourier reduction”, Proc. R. Soc. London, A, vol. 456, 2000, pp. 2799-282.
[6]  Nakatsuji, T,. Okubo, K,., Fujii.T, Sasada, M,. Noguchi, Y,.(2002) Study on Crack Initiation at Small Holes of One - piece Brake Discs. SAE Technical Paper, Inc, Humble, 2 002-01-0926.
[7]  Valvano, T., Lee, K: (2000) An Analytical Method to Predict Thermal Distortion of a Brake Rotor. SAE Technical Paper, Inc, Humble, 2000-01-0445.
[8]  Hudson, M.D, Ruhl, R.L (1997) Ventilated Brake Rotor Air Flow Investigation. SAE Technical Paper, Inc,Humble, 01-033.
[9]  Denape.J, Laraqi. N : (2000) Aspect thermique du frottement: mise en évidence expérimentale et éléments de modélisation, Mec. Ind, 1, 563-579.
[10]  Hamraoui, M., (2009)Thermal behaviour of rollers during the rolling process, Appl. Therm. Eng, 29 (11-12) 2386-2390.
[11]  Hamraoui, M., Zouaoui, Z., (2009) Modelling of heat transfer between two rollers in dry friction, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 48 (6) 1243-1246.
[12]  N. Laraqi, (1997) Velocity and relative contact size effect on the thermal constriction resistance in sliding solids, ASME J. Heat Transf., 119, 173-177.
[13]  H. Yapıcı, M. S. Genç, G. Özısık, (2008) Transient temperature and thermal stress distributions in a hollow disk subjected to a moving uniform heat source, J.Therm.Stress 31 476-493.
[14]  N. Laraqi, N. Alilat, J.M. Garcia-de-Maria, A. Baïri, (2009) Temperature and division of heat in a pin - on-disc frictional device – exact analytical solution, Wear, 266 (7-8) 765-770.
[15]  J.G. Bauzin, N. Laraqi, (2004) Simultaneous estimation of frictional heat flux and two thermal contact parameters for sliding solids, Numer. Heat Transf. 45 (4) 313-328.
[16]  A. Baïri, J.M. Garcia-de-Maria, N. Laraqi, (2004) Effect of thickness and thermal properties of film on the thermal behavior of moving rough interfaces,Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 26 (1) 29-34.
[17]  Mijuca, D. M., iberna A. M., Medjo B. I (2005) A new multifield finite element method in steady state heat analysis. Therm. Sci.. 9(1), 111-130.
[18]  Gao CH, Lin XZ (2002) Transient temperature field analysis of a brake in a non-axisymmetric three-dimensional model. J Mat Proc Tech 129: 513-517.
[19]  Talatia Faramarz and Jalalifar S, (2000) Analysis of heat conduction in a disk brake system. J Heat Mass Transfer 45 : 1047-1059.
[20]  Naji M, Al-Nimr M, Masoud S (2000) Transient 5thermal behavior of a cylindrical brake system. J Heat Mass Transf 36:45-49.
[21]  Mosleh M, Blau PJ, Dumitrescu D (2004) Characteristics and morphology of wear particles from laboratory testing of disk brake materials. J Wear 256: 1128-1134.
[22]  Mutlu I, Alma MH, Basturk MA (2005) Preparation and characterization of brake linings from modified tannin-phenol formaldehyde resin and asbestos-free fillers. J Mat Sci 40 (11): 3003-3005.
[23]  Hecht RL, Dinwiddie RB, Wang H (1999) The effect of graphite flake morphology on the thermal diffusivity of gray cast irons used for automotive brake discs. J Mat Sci 34 (19): 4775-4781.
[24]  Gudmand-Høyer L, Bach A, Nielsen GT, Morgen P (1999) Tribological properties of automotive disc brakes with solid lubricants. J Wear 232 (2): 168-175.
[25]  Uyyuru RK, Surappa MK, Brusethaug S (2007) Tribological behavior of Al–Si–SiCp composites/automobile brake pad system under dry sliding conditions. J Tribol Int 40 (2): 365-373.
[26]  Cho MH, Cho KH, Kim SJ, Kim DH, Jang H (2005) The role of transfer layers on friction characteristics in the sliding interface between friction materials against gray iron brake disks. Trib Lett 20 (2): 101-108.
[27]  Boz M, Kurt A (2007) The effect of Al2O3 on the friction performance of automotive brake friction materials. J Tribo Int 40 (7): 1161-1169.
[28]  Blau PJ, McLaughlin JC (2003) Effects of water films and sliding speed on the frictional behavior of truck disc brake material. Trib Int 36 (10): 709-715.
[29]  McPhee AD, Johnson DA (2007) Experimental heat transfer and flow analysis of a vented brake rotor. Int J Thermal Sci 47 (4): 458-467.
[30]  Wallis L, Leonardi E, Milton B, Joseph P (2002) Air flow and heat transfer in ventilated disk brake rotors with diamond and tear-drop pillars. Numer Heat Transf Part A 41: 643-655.
[31]  Johnson DA, Sperandei BA, Gilbert R (2003) Analysis of the flow through a vented automotive brake rotor. J Fluids Eng 125:979-986.
[32]  Kang.S.S, Cho.S.K (2012) Thermal deformation and stress analysis of disk brakes by finite element method Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 26 (7) (2012) 2133-2137.
[33]  Thilak.VMM, R.Krishnaraj, (2011), Transient thermal and structural analysis of the rotor disc of disc brake, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 2, Issue 8, August-2011.
[34]  Zhang, L., Yang, Q., Weichert,D., Nanlin T., (2009) Simulation and analysis of thermal fatigue based on imperfection model of brake discs, Beijing Jiaotong University, PAMM Proc. Appl. Math. Mech. 9, 533-534.
[35]  Fiche U.I.C. 541-3 (1993)FREIN – Frein à disques et garnitures de frein à disques, 4eédition, 1 Jury.
[36]  Saumweber, E., (1969) Temperaturberechnung in Bremsscheiben fürein beliebiges Fahrprogramm,Leichtbau der Verkehrsfahrzeuge, Heft 3, Augsburg.
[37]  Cruceanu, C.: (2007) Frâne pentru vehicule feroviare (Brakes for railway vehicles). MATRIXROM (ed.), Bucureşti, 978-973-755-200-6.
[38]  Reimpel J. (1998) Technologie de freinage. Vogel Verlag, Würzburg.
[39]  Gotowicki,P.F.,; Nigrelli,V.,; Mariotti,G.V., (2005). Numerical and experimental analysis of a pegs-wing ventilated disk brake rotor, with pads and cylinders, Jnc: 10 th EAEC European Automotive Congress –Paper EAEC05YUAS04-P 5, June.
[40]  Yu, H., et al.: (2011) Study on temperature distribution due to freezing and thawing at the Fengman concrete gravity dam, Therm. Sci, 15, (suppl. 1), s27-s32.
[41]  Sergerlind, L.J.,(1984)Applied Finite Element Analysis. Wiley, New York.
[42]  Hinton, E., Owen, D. R. J., (1981) An Introduction toFinite Element Computations, Pineridge Press, Swansea.
[43]  Versteeg, H.K., Malalasekera, W (1995) An Introduction to Computational Fluid Mechanics, The Finite Volume Method Pearson, Prentice Hal.
[44]  ANSYS v.11 User’Manual guide.
[45]  Zhang, J.,Xia,C. (2012).Research of the Transient Temperature Field and Friction Properties on Disc Brakes, Proceedings of the 2012 2nd International Conference on Computer and Information Application (ICCIA 2012) 201-204.
[46]  Nouby, M., Srinivasan, K. (2009).Parametric studies of disk brake squeal using finite element Approach. J. Mek. No. 29, 52-66.