American Journal of Medical Case Reports
ISSN (Print): 2374-2151 ISSN (Online): 2374-216X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajmcr Editor-in-chief: Samy, I. McFarlane
Open Access
Journal Browser
Go
American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2014, 2(3), 52-54
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-2-3-3
Open AccessCase Report

Supernumerary Nostril Associated with Dermoid Cyst: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature

Sah BP1, , Bhandary S1, Pokharel A1, Shilpakar SL1, Chettri ST1 and Paudel D1

1Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Sunsari, Nepal

Pub. Date: April 07, 2014

Cite this paper:
Sah BP, Bhandary S, Pokharel A, Shilpakar SL, Chettri ST and Paudel D. Supernumerary Nostril Associated with Dermoid Cyst: A Rare Case Report and Review of Literature. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2014; 2(3):52-54. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-2-3-3

Abstract

Supernumerary nostril is an extremely rare congenital entity which results from aberrant embryological development. The review of the literature reveals that only 31 cases of supernumerary nostril have been reported. They can be associated with other congenital anomalies. The accessory nostril may or may not communicate with the ipsilateral nasal cavity, probably depending on the degree of embryological progression of the anomaly. A case of supernumerary left nostril with no nasal cavity communication and with dermoid cyst over the right nasomaxillary groove is presented. The surgical treatment is described and the different speculative theories related to the embryogenesis of supernumerary nostrils are also reviewed.

Keywords:
supernumerary nostrils accessory nostril dermoid cyst

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References:

[1]  Linsday, B., A nose with supernumerary nostrils, Transactions of the Pathology Society of London, 57, 329, 1906.
 
[2]  Tawse, H.B., Supernumerary nostril and cavity, Proc R Soc Lond, 13, 28, 1920.
 
[3]  Reddy, K.A., Rao, A.K., Triple nostrils: A case report and review, Br J Plast Surg, 40, 651-2, 1987.
 
[4]  Moore, K.L, The developing human: Clinically oriented embryology, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1988, 207.
 
[5]  Erich, J.B., Nasal duplication. Report of case of patient with two noses, Plast Reconstr Surg, 29, 159-66, 1962.
 
[6]  Onizuka, T., Tai, Y., Supernumerary nostril. Case report, Plast Reconstr Surg, 50, 403-5, 1972.
 
[7]  Nakamura, K., Onizuka, T., A case of supernumerary nostril, Plast Reconstr Surg, 80, 436-41, 1987.
 
[8]  Chen, M.T., Yeong, E.K., Supernumerary nostrils, Br J Plast Surg, 45, 557-8, 1992.
 
[9]  Hallak, A., Jamjoom, H., Hosseinzadeh, T., Supernumerary nostrils: A case report and review, Aesthetic Plast Surg, 25, 241-3, 2001.
 
[10]  Aslanabadi, S., Djalilian, H., Zarrintan, S., Supernumerary nostril together with esophageal atresia, imperforate anus and patent ductus arteriosus: a case report and review of the literature, Pediatr Surg Int, 25, 433-36, 2009.
 
[11]  Chen, C.T., Chen, Y.R., A case report of triple nostrils, ChangGung Med J, 17, 280, 1994.