American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease
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American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2014, 2(4), 109-114
DOI: 10.12691/ajeid-2-4-5
Open AccessArticle

Epidemiological Investigation for the Incidence of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria from Tribal Areas in Koraput District of Odisha State, India

Marimuthu Ramar1, , Subash Chandra Mohanty2, Sudhansu Sekhar Sahu3, Kasinathan Gunasekaran3 and Purusothaman Jambulingam3

1National Institue of Malaria Research (ICMR), Field Unit, Sector-3, BHEL, Hardwar, Uttrakhand, India

2National Institute of Malaria Research(ICMR), Field Unit, RLTRI Campus, Lalpur, Raipur, Chhattisgarh

3Vector Control Research Centre (ICMR), Medical Complex, Indira Nagar, Puducherry, India

Pub. Date: October 22, 2014

Cite this paper:
Marimuthu Ramar, Subash Chandra Mohanty, Sudhansu Sekhar Sahu, Kasinathan Gunasekaran and Purusothaman Jambulingam. Epidemiological Investigation for the Incidence of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria from Tribal Areas in Koraput District of Odisha State, India. American Journal of Epidemiology and Infectious Disease. 2014; 2(4):109-114. doi: 10.12691/ajeid-2-4-5

Abstract

Malaria is a major public health problem in India and its dynamics vary from place to place. In India malaria is complex because of vast tracts of forest with tribal settlement. Koraput, it is mainly tribe-inhabited and one of the highly endemic districts of Odisha State that contributes a considerable number of malaria cases in India. During 2009 in Kunduli CHC %Pf, SPR and API were 100%, 25.7 and 38.6 respectively. The % Pf, SPR and API of Dudhari Sbub Centre in year 2010 were 100%, 14.86 and 35.31 respectively. From 2007 onwards there was steady increase in number of P. falciparum cases and during 2008, the the prevalences of infection caused by the P. falciparum were high. In 2010 and SPR and API rose to 19.7% and 36.7%, respectively. The results of the current study indicated a rising trend in transmission of malaria in Koraput district compared to the situation in previous report and it is opposing approach for the control of the disease by improving treatment measures with adequate knowledge in the tribe area.

Keywords:
Epidemiological investigation Plasmodium falciparum malaria incidence tribal area Koraput Odisha India

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