American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-4005 ISSN (Online): 2328-403X Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/ajcmr Editor-in-chief: Dario Galante
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American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2020, 8(1), 23-27
DOI: 10.12691/ajcmr-8-1-5
Open AccessReview Article

A Knowledge Update on SARS-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)/COVID-19 and Its Global Public Health Implications

Mahendra Pal1, Gemechu Berhanu Kerorsa2 and Venkataramana Kandi3,

1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, India

2College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Dambi Dollo University, Dambi Dollo, Ethiopia

3Department of Microbiology, Pratima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, India

Pub. Date: May 27, 2020

Cite this paper:
Mahendra Pal, Gemechu Berhanu Kerorsa and Venkataramana Kandi. A Knowledge Update on SARS-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2)/COVID-19 and Its Global Public Health Implications. American Journal of Clinical Medicine Research. 2020; 8(1):23-27. doi: 10.12691/ajcmr-8-1-5

Abstract

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a globally declared pandemic viral disease caused by a novel virus, the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) affecting the respiratory tract. This disease has caused high morbidity as well as mortality in susceptible populations throughout the world. Currently, COVID-19 is spreading to most countries of the world including European, American, Asian, and African countries. In these countries, the death rates of the disease have been different. The possible mechanisms of transmission of the disease include droplet inhalation, direct contact with the person infected by the disease, and indirect contact transmission. Common clinical spectrum of the disease includes high fever, dry or productive cough, shortness, and difficulty of breathing, sore throat, general weakness, myalgia, and chills. The disease can be diagnosed using clinical history, travel history, contact history, clinical signs, and different laboratory tests. The emergence of COVID-19 resulted in health, social, economic, and political problems across the globe. There is no single specific antiviral therapy and a vaccine for COVID-19, and the current treatments are almost supportive. Therefore, proper control and preventive measures that include physical/social distancing, washing hands frequently with soap and water, disinfecting hands and objects with sanitizers and alcohol, avoiding contact of contaminated objects, using proper personal protective equipment, and public education could minimize the transmission.

Keywords:
COVID-19 Global threat Pandemic Public Health Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) control and preventive measures

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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