Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health
ISSN (Print): 2334-3397 ISSN (Online): 2334-3494 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dibyendu Banerjee
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Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2023, 11(1), 13-20
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-11-1-3
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Health Risks Assessment Associated with Two Fish Species (Sarotherodon melanotheron, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus) Consumption, Contaminated with Trace Metals in Taabo Lake

SIDIBE Adama1, , Yapo Habib KPIDI1, Yapoga Jean SEKA2 and Ossey Bernard YAPO1, 3

1Laboratory of Environmental Sciences (LES), UFR of Environmental Sciences and Management, NANGUI ABROGOUA University, 02 Po Box 801 Abidjan 02 - Côte d'Ivoire

2Institute of Agropastoral Management, Peleforo Gon Coulibaly University of Korhogo, Po Box 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire

3Laboratory of the Central Environment, Ivory Coast Anti-Pollution Center (LCE-CIAPOL), Côte d'Ivoire

Pub. Date: March 19, 2023

Cite this paper:
SIDIBE Adama, Yapo Habib KPIDI, Yapoga Jean SEKA and Ossey Bernard YAPO. Health Risks Assessment Associated with Two Fish Species (Sarotherodon melanotheron, Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus) Consumption, Contaminated with Trace Metals in Taabo Lake. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2023; 11(1):13-20. doi: 10.12691/jephh-11-1-3


Objective: To assess the health risks associated with the consumption of the muscles of two fish species, Sarotherodon melanotheron (Rüppell, 1852) and Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Lacépède, 1803), contaminated by trace metals (TMEs) in Taabo Lake. For this purpose, the levels of four (4) TMEs, zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) were investigated, according to standard methods, in the muscles of 30 fish of each species caught in Taabo Lake. Once this basis was established, the assessment of the health risks associated with the consumption of the muscles of these fish contaminated by these trace elements in children and adults in the study locality was carried out. The results show that with hazard quotients greater than 1 for Cd, Hg and Pb exposure related to the consumption of the muscles of two fish species studied, the probability of a carcinogenic effect is high in children and adults in the study area. Also, for RC values greater than 10-4 for Cd, Hg and Pb exposures in children and adults, a carcinogenic risk remains evident in these parts of the population in the study area.

Sarotherodon melanotheron Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus TME hazard quotient cancer risk

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