Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology
ISSN (Print): 2373-6747 ISSN (Online): 2373-6712 Website: Editor-in-chief: Sankar Narayan Sinha
Open Access
Journal Browser
Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2014, 2(2), 42-45
DOI: 10.12691/jaem-2-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Conservation of Biodiversity with Reference to Indigenous Herbal Therapeutic Agents

Jaya Vikas Kurhekar1,

1Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Bharati Vidyapeeth's Dr. Patangrao Kadam Mahavidyalaya, Sangli, Maharashtra State, India

Pub. Date: February 28, 2014

Cite this paper:
Jaya Vikas Kurhekar. Conservation of Biodiversity with Reference to Indigenous Herbal Therapeutic Agents. Journal of Applied & Environmental Microbiology. 2014; 2(2):42-45. doi: 10.12691/jaem-2-2-2


Biodiversity with reference to ethnic therapeutic agents is a much studied phenomenon. In the present study, commonly available herbs like Aloe vera, Andropogum citratum, creeper like Piper betel and tree like Terminalia arjuna, known to have healing effects, were checked for their antimicrobial activity. Aqueous extracts of suitable plant parts were checked for antimicrobial activities against selected Gram positive and Gram negative microbial pathogens. Maximum activity was shown by Terminalia arjuna against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The antimicrobial activity of plant extracts was compared with that of standard antibiotics. Piper betel inhibited maximum number of pathogens showing equivalence to Nalidixic acid. The study emphasizes the fact that nature has cure against most natural invasions and the need for preserving and propagating such ethnic medicinal agents once again comes to fore.

therapeutic agent antimicrobial activity aqueous extract inhibition zones preservation and propagation ethnic medicinal agents

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 1


[1]  Ananthanarayan, R. and Paniker, J. C. K., Text book of Microbiology, 3rd edition, Orient Longman, Madras, 183-310, 1986.
[2]  Baskar, R. G. and Chezhiyan, N., Horticultural therapy – Role of Biotechnology in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Special Volume on Diseases, Ukaaz Publication, Hyderabad, VI, 207-208, 2002e.
[3]  Bauer, A. W., Kirby, W. M., Sherris, J. C. and Turek, M., Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing by a Standardized Single Disc Method, Am. J. Clin. Pathol, 45, 493, 1966.
[4]  Das, D. and Agarwal, V. S., The Study, Exploitation and Identification, Drug Plants of India, Kalyani publishers, Ludhiana, 42, 76, 85, 171, 1985.
[5]  Dey, N. C. and Dey, T. K., A Text Book of Medical Bacteriology and Microbiology, 16th edition, New Control Book Agency, Calcutta, 25.1-32.1, 1998.
[6]  Farnsworth N.R. and Soejarto D.D., Global importance of medicinal plants. In: Akerele O., Heywood V. and Synge H. (eds) The Conservation of Medicinal Plants. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 25-51, 1991.
[7]  Finegold S.M. and Baron E.J., Diagnostic Microbiology, 7th Edn., The C.V. Mosby Company, St. Louis, 176, 1986.
[8]  Frobisher, Hinsdill, Crabtree and Goodheart, Fundamentals of Microbiology, Ninth edition, Toppan Company, Japan, 467-570, 1974.
[9]  Gupte S., Short Text Book of Medical Microbiology, Jaypee publication, 221-323, 1998.
[10]  Hamilton A. C., Medicinal plants, conservation and livelihoods, Biodiversity and Conservation, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, International Plants Conservation Unit, WWF-UK, Surrey, 13: 1477-1517, 2004.
[11]  Köberl, M., Schmidt, R. and Berg, G., The microbiome of medicinal plants: diversity and importance for plant growth, quality and health, Frontiers in Microbiology, 4:400, 1-33, 2013.
[12]  Mantle D, Lennard T W and Pickering A T., Therapeutic applications of medicinal plants in the treatment of breast cancer: a review of their pharmacology, efficacy and tolerability, Adverse Drug React Toxicol Rev.; 19 (3): 223-40, Aug 2000.
[13]  Pei S., Ethnobotany and modernisation of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Paper at a Workshop on Wise Practices and Experiential Learning in the Conservation and Management of Himalayan Medicinal Plants, Kathmandu, Nepal, 15-20 December, 2002 b.
[14]  Pei S., Ethnobotanical approaches of traditional medicine studies: some experiences from Asia.Pharmaceutical Botany 39: 74-79, 2001.
[15]  Roberfroid, M. B., Prebiotics - The Concept Revisited, J Nutr., 137, (3 Suppl 2), 830 S-7S, 2007.
[16]  Saxena, K. P., A Brief Course in Algae and Fungi, Prakashan Kendra, Lucknow: 97-102, 1969.
[17]  Srivastava R., Studying the information needs of medicinal plant stakeholders in Europe. TRAFFIC Dispatches 15: 5, 2000.
[18]  Subrat N., Ayurvedic and herbal products industry: an overview. Paper at a Workshop on Wise Practices and Experiential Learning in the Conservation and Management of Himalayan Medicinal Plants, Kathmandu, Nepal, 15–20 December, 2002.
[19]  Wayne, National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards - NCCLS, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Disc Susceptibility Tests, Approved Standards, 7th edition, 20, M-2, A-7, 2000.