American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1505-1521
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-9
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The Effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Fine Arts in Ebonyi State

Paul Nwali Eche1, and Ifere Collins Okorie2

1Department of FINE and Applied Arts Education, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo

2Department of Computer Science Education, Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo

Pub. Date: November 19, 2018

Cite this paper:
Paul Nwali Eche and Ifere Collins Okorie. The Effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Fine Arts in Ebonyi State. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(11):1505-1521. doi: 10.12691/education-6-11-9


The study investigated Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as an interactive instructional technique using computer to present instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. It uses the combination of text and graphics, sound and video in the learning process. This program helps the students’ progress at their own pace, assisting them in learning and application of the material. It was designed to see the effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media as a supplementing strategy on the academic performance of secondary school students in the subject of Fine Arts. Some of the objectives of the study include to: find out the relative effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as a supplementing and important strategy on the academic performance of students in Fine Arts, explore the difference between treatment effect in students with natural creative ability and those without and find out the influence of gender on their performance and enrollment in Fine Arts when exposed to computer assisted instructional media. The secondary school students studying Fine Arts drawn from SS11 class at Ebonyi State College of Education secondary School constitute the population of the study and equally selected as a sample of the study. The sample students were assigned into two groups (experimental and control group). They were equated on the basis of their performance score in previous semesters in the subject of Fine Arts and they comprised of forty (40) students. One group was randomly sampled by teaching them a chosen topic in Fine Arts without using computer to stand as a sample of the study while the other group was taught using CAIM. Both the groups were taught through practical method and Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) being used as a supplementary strategy for the experimental group. The experiment lasted for three weeks and data were collected from 80 students of the two groups. After obtaining the scores, the lists were prepared for each group and the means, standard deviations, differences between mean were computed with significance between the mean scores of both the groups on the variable of previous performance that was tested at 0.5 levels by applying t-test. At the end, it was found that Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) was effective for both male and female students which led to the recommendations made. Areas of further research like, conducting similar research in other subjects like biology, English language etc, was suggested.

fine arts computer assisted instructional media teacher centered students centered traditional instruction

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