American Journal of Educational Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-6126 ISSN (Online): 2327-6150 Website: Editor-in-chief: Ratko Pavlović
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(3), 196-200
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-3-6
Open AccessArticle

Self-Disclosure among Men and Women of Arab Descent: Implications for Group-Based Health Education

Elizabeth A. Bertran1, Nicole R. Pinelli2, Dana El Masri1, Stephen J. Sills3 and Linda Jaber1,

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Detroit, USA

2Division of Practice Advancement and Clinical Education, University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, USA

3Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, USA

Pub. Date: March 14, 2018

Cite this paper:
Elizabeth A. Bertran, Nicole R. Pinelli, Dana El Masri, Stephen J. Sills and Linda Jaber. Self-Disclosure among Men and Women of Arab Descent: Implications for Group-Based Health Education. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(3):196-200. doi: 10.12691/education-6-3-6


Arab American gender norms may affect female participation in group-delivered health education settings. Our objective was to examine gender-specific participation in Arab American group interactions. This study was conducted to inform the necessity of gender-specific groups in a subsequent diabetes prevention intervention. Self-identified Arabs or Arab Americans ≥ 30 years and without diabetes were randomly recruited. Participants were randomly assigned to male-only, female-only, or mixed-gender focus groups. A trained Arabic-speaking moderator facilitated 90-minute sessions using a standardized guide. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. A self-disclosure survey immediately followed sessions. Turn-taking, verbosity, and survey responses were compared between males and females in gender-specific and mixed-gender group settings. Twenty-nine individuals participated: male-only (8), female-only (12), and mixed-gender (9). Males took more turns and spoke with more utterances than females during gender-specific and mixed-gender groups. Fewer men reported keeping comments to themselves relative to women. Group-formatted educational interventions in Arab Americans should take self-disclosure into consideration and efforts should be made to identify females who prefer participating in a gender-specific group.

patient education health education cultural diversity community health minority populations self-disclosure

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