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American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2022, 10(1), 23-33
DOI: 10.12691/ajmr-10-1-4
Open AccessReview Article

Probiotics in Health and Disease: A Review of Emerging Evidence of Potential Benefits and Harm

Kebede Abdisa1, Dagmawit Atalel2, Gemechu Berhanu3 and Venkataramana Kandi4,

1Department of Veterinary Science, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, Ambo University, Ethiopia

2Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, Ambo University, Ethiopia

3College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Dambi Dollo University, Ethiopia

4Department of Microbiology, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, Telangana, India

Pub. Date: March 25, 2022

Cite this paper:
Kebede Abdisa, Dagmawit Atalel, Gemechu Berhanu and Venkataramana Kandi. Probiotics in Health and Disease: A Review of Emerging Evidence of Potential Benefits and Harm. American Journal of Microbiological Research. 2022; 10(1):23-33. doi: 10.12691/ajmr-10-1-4


Emerging multi-drug resistant pathogens are the main driving force behind the efforts to find an alternative treatment approach such as probiotics. Probiotics are considered living drugs that can reduce the consumption of conventional antibiotics and improve human and animal health. Particularly, bacterial origin probiotics became increasingly popular during the last two decades as a result of the continuously expanding scientific evidence pointing to their beneficial effects on human and animal health. In recent years, there has been an increase in the application of probiotics for the treatment of different infectious diseases and to alleviate the symptoms of many others, including metabolic disorder-related illnesses and cancer. More specifically, diseases and ailments such as diarrhea, urogenital infections, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel disease, and a host of others have experienced an increase in the use of certain probiotic bacteria. There are several possible mechanisms by which probiotic bacteria can inhibit the effect of other pathogenic microorganisms. This review, therefore, provides an overview of the current status of bacterial probiotics with special emphasis on therapeutic purpose, mechanisms of action, and their selection criteria. It also highlights the emerging pieces of evidence concerning the role of probiotics in health and disease, and the potential limitations and challenges of probiotic development as a novel therapeutic agent.

bacteria drugresistance novel therapeutics probiotics mechanisms of action health diseases

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