American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics
ISSN (Print): 2328-7306 ISSN (Online): 2328-7292 Editor-in-chief: Mohamed Seddeek
Open Access
Journal Browser
Article Metrics
• 13756
Views
• 11249
Saves
• 4
Citations
• 68
Likes
Export Article
American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. 2018, 6(5), 176-180
DOI: 10.12691/ajams-6-5-1
Open AccessArticle

Neck Circumference as an Indicator of Overweight and Obesity in Young Adults

1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Padma Kanya Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Pub. Date: September 18, 2018

Cite this paper:
Noora Shrestha. Neck Circumference as an Indicator of Overweight and Obesity in Young Adults. American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. 2018; 6(5):176-180. doi: 10.12691/ajams-6-5-1

Abstract

Neck circumference (NC) measurement is one of the simple screening measurements, that can be used as a marker of upper body fat distribution to notice overweight. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between NC and overweight/obesity. In this cross-sectional study a total 198 college students (120 Female, 78 Male) aged 18-23 years were participated using convenience method. Anthropometric measurements of students were measured according to the guidelines of world health organization. Students with NC ≥37 cm for male and ≥34 cm for female and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 are identified as overweight. The percentages of the male and female students with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 were 9% and 15.8% respectively and with high NC were 47.4% and 23.3 % respectively. In both male and female students, there were significant and positive correlation of neck circumference with body weight (male, r=0.572; female, r=0.629; p=0.001), waist circumference (male, r= 0.407; female, r= 0.623; p=0.001), hip circumference (male, r=0.546; female, r=0.579; p=0.001), BMI (male, r= 0.532; female, r= 0.588; p=0.001), waist to hip ratio (female, r = .376; p= .001), and waist to height ratio (male, r= 0.33; female, r= 0.574; p=0.001). A significant and independent association was found between NC and overweight levels using multiple regression analysis in young adults. This study indicates neck circumference is a simple screening measure that can be used to identify overweight/obesity.