Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research
ISSN (Print): 2372-4668 ISSN (Online): 2372-4676 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mehrdad Hamidi, Javad Verdi
Open Access
Journal Browser
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research. 2019, 5(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/nnr-5-1-1
Open AccessReview Article

A Review of Vibration Analysis of CNT Reinforced Polymer Composites

Nouby M. Ghazaly1,

1Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena-83523, Egypt

Pub. Date: December 27, 2019

Cite this paper:
Nouby M. Ghazaly. A Review of Vibration Analysis of CNT Reinforced Polymer Composites. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research. 2019; 5(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/nnr-5-1-1


In this review paper, the dynamic characterization and structural optimization of a carbon nanotube reinforced laminated hybrid composite plate are surveyed. The governing differential equations of motion of a carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced hybrid composite plate based on higher-order shear deformation theory is reviewed in finite element formulation. The stiffness and damping properties of the composite plate are significantly varied depending upon the percentage of CNT reinforcement and aspect ratio of CNT. The validity of the developed formulation is demonstrated by comparing the natural frequencies evaluated using present FEM with those of experimental work and available literature. Various parametric studies are also performed to investigate the effect of aspect ratio and percentage of CNT content and ply orientation and boundary conditions on carbon nanotube and mode shapes of a carbon nanotube-reinforced composite plate. The optimal ply configuration, aspect ratio and volume fraction of CNT can be identified by formulating the multi-objective optimization problem to yield the maximum stiffness and modal damping factors. The significance of CNT reinforcement and simulated results may serve as guidelines in designing laminated hybrid composite plate structures used in aerospace. This study will provide a useful reference to the design and fabrication of fiber-reinforced plastics for many instruments such as automotive components, golf shaft for sports, bicycle helmet for sports, the body of the sailing vessel, wind turbines, spacecraft, space elevators, solar panels and so on.

Carbon Nanotube mode shapes glass fiber reinforced Plastics

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 2


[1]  H. Ku, H. Wang, N. Pattarachaiyakoop, M. Trada, A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, Compos. B Eng. 42 (2011) 856-873.
[2]  W. Hufenbach, R. Bohm, M. Thieme, A. Winkler, E. Mader, J. Rausch, et al., Polypropylene/glass fibre 3D-textile reinforced composites for automotive applications, Mater. Des. 32 (2011) 1468-1476.
[3]  B. Yang, J. Zhang, L. Zhou, Z. Wang, W. Liang, Effect of fiber surface modification on the lifetime of glass fiber reinforced polymerized cyclic butylene terephthalate composites in hygrothermal conditions, Mater. Des. 85 (2015) 14-23.
[4]  S.K. Cheong, K.W. Kang, S.K. Jeong, Evaluation of themechanical performance of golf shafts, Eng. Fail. Anal. 13 (2006) 464-473.
[5]  M. Tercan, O. Asi, M.E. Yuksekkaya, A. Aktas, Comparison of tensile properties of weft-knit 1 × 1 rib glass epoxy composites with a different location of layers, Mater. Des. 28 (2007) 2172-2176.
[6]  L. Giger, S. Wismer, S. Boehl, G.-A. Büsser, H. Erckens, J. Weber, et al., Design and construction of the autonomous sailing vessel avalon, Proc. of The World Robotic Sailing Championship and International Robotic Sailing Conference, 2009.
[7]  M. Mariatti, P.K. Chum, Effect of laminate configuration on the properties of glass fiber-reinforced plastics (GFRPs) mixed composites, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 24 (2005) 1713-1721.
[8]  L.S. Schadler, S.C. Giannaris, P.M. Ajayan, Load transfer in carbon nanotube epoxy composites, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 (1998) 3842-3844.
[9]  M.S. Chang, An investigation on the dynamic behavior and thermal properties of MWCNTs/FRP laminate composites, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 29 (2010) 3593-3599.
[10]  F.H. Gojny, M.H.G. Wichmann, U. Kopke, B. Fiedler, K. Schulte, Carbon nano tube reinforced epoxy-composites: enhanced stiffness and fracture toughness at low nanotube content, Compos. Sci. Technol. 64 (2004) 2363-2371.
[11]  E.W. Wong, P.E. Sheehan, C.M. Lieber, Nanobeam mechanics: elasticity, strength, and toughness of nanorods and nanotubes, Science 277 (1997) 1971-1975.
[12]  M.F. Yu, B.S. Files, S. Arepalli, R.S. Ruoff, Tensile loading of ropes of single wall carbon nanotubes and their mechanical properties, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 (2000) 5552-5555.
[13]  M.S. Kim, S.E. Lee,W.J. Lee, C.G. Kim, Mechanical properties of MWNT-loaded plainweave glass/epoxy composites, Adv. Compos. Mater. 18 (2009) 209-219.
[14]  Andrews R, Qian D, Dickey EC and Rantell T, Load transfer and deformation mechanisms in CNT-polystyrene composites. Apd Phy Lt. 76-20, (2000) 2868-2870.
[15]  E. C. Dickeya and D. Qian. Load transfer and deformation mechanisms in CNT polystyrene composites. Applied physics letters, volume 76-20, (2000).
[16]  C. DeValve, R. Pitchumani. Experimental investigation of the damping enhancement in fiber-reinforced composites with carbon nanotubes. Carbon 63(2013)71-83, 2013.
[17]  K Frank and Ko, Nanofiber Technology: Bridging the Gap between Nano and Macro World, Nanoengineered Nan fibrous Materials, Selcuk Guceri, Yuri G. Gogotsi, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht (2004), pp. 1-18.
[18]  J. Yang, L.L. Ke , Y. Xiang, ,S. Kitipornchai, Nonlinear free vibration of embedded double-walled carbon nanotubes based on nonlocal Timoshenko beam theory.2009.Journal Physics E 42 (2010) 1727-1735.
[19]  Mahmoud M. Farag and Amal M.K, Esawi. CNT reinforced composites: Potential and current challenges, Materials and Design 28 (2007) 2394-2401.
[20]  Ping Zhu, Z.X. Lei, K.M. Liew, Static and free vibration analyses of carbon nanotube-reinforced composite plates using finite element method with FSDT plate theory. Composite Structures 94 (2011) 1450-1460, 2011.
[21]  Ronald F. Gibson a, Emmanuel O. Ayorinde a, Yuan-Feng Wen. Vibrations of carbon nanotubes and their composites, Composites Science and Technology 67 (2007) 1-28, 2006.
[22]  Ranjan Ganguli, S.Gopalakrishnan, B.P. Deepak, Dynamics of rotating composite beams: A comparative study between CNT reinforced polymer composite beams and laminated composite beams using spectral finite elements. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences 64 (2012) 110-126.
[23]  Sreejarani K. Pillai and Suprakas Sinha Ray. Epoxy-based CNT Reinforced Composites, Advances in Nanocomposites -Synthesis, Characterization and Industrial Applications, ISBN: 978-953-307-165-7, (2011).
[24]  Taner Yilidrim, Oguz Gulseren, and Salim Ciraci, Intimate Relationship between Structural Deformation and Properties of Single-Walled CNT and Its Hydrogenated Derivatives, Nanoengineered Nan fibrous Materials, Selcuk Guceri, Yuri G.
[25]  Tsu-Wei Chou and Erik T Thostenson, Aligned Multi-Walled CNT Reinforced Composites: Processing and Mechanical Characterization, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, (2002), Vol. 35, No. 16, pp. L77-L80.
[26]  Wan Huapei and Feridun Delale, Critical Fiber Length for Load Transfer in Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Composites, International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition – Proceedings of the ASME Aerospace Division, ASME: (2004), AD-Vol. 69, pp. 389-394.
[27]  C.M. Wanga, V.B.C. Tanb, Y.Y. Zhang, Timoshenko beam model for vibration analysis of MWCNT, Journal of Sound and Vibration 294(2006)1060-1072, 2006.
[28]  Fernanda de Borbón, Daniel Ambrosini, Oscar Curadelli. Damping response of composites beams with CNTs. Composites: Part B 60 (2014) 106-110.