American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology
ISSN (Print): 2333-8903 ISSN (Online): 2333-8911 Website: https://www.sciepub.com/journal/materials Editor-in-chief: Serge Samper
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American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015, 3(1), 13-18
DOI: 10.12691/materials-3-1-3
Open AccessReview Article

Dental Ceramics: Part I – An Overview of Composition, Structure and Properties

P. Jithendra Babu1, Rama Krishna Alla2, , Venkata Ramaraju Alluri1, Srinivasa Raju Datla1 and Anusha Konakanchi3

1Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India

2Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India

3Department of Chemistry, Sasi Merit School, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India

Pub. Date: March 24, 2015

Cite this paper:
P. Jithendra Babu, Rama Krishna Alla, Venkata Ramaraju Alluri, Srinivasa Raju Datla and Anusha Konakanchi. Dental Ceramics: Part I – An Overview of Composition, Structure and Properties. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015; 3(1):13-18. doi: 10.12691/materials-3-1-3

Abstract

Over the last decade, it has been observed that there is an increasing interest in the ceramic materials in dentistry. Esthetically these materials are preferred alternatives to the traditional materials in order to meet the patients’ demands for improved esthetics. Dental ceramics are usually composed of nonmetallic, inorganic structures primarily containing compounds of oxygen with one or more metallic or semi-metallic elements. Ceramics are used for making crowns, bridges, artificial denture teeth, and implants. The use of conservative ceramic inlay preparations, veneering porcelains is increasing, along with all-ceramic complete crown preparations. This article is a review of dental ceramics; divided into two parts such as part I and II. Part I reviews the composition, structure and properties of dental ceramics from the literature available in PUBMED and other sources from the past 50 years. Part II reviews the developments in evolution of all ceramic systems over the last decade and considers the state of the art in several extended materials and material properties.

Keywords:
ceramics porcelains feldspar silica glass firing

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