American Journal of Environmental Protection
ISSN (Print): 2328-7241 ISSN (Online): 2328-7233 Website: Editor-in-chief: Mohsen Saeedi, Hyo Choi
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017, 5(3), 68-72
DOI: 10.12691/env-5-3-1
Open AccessArticle

Households’ Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Ini-mfon Vincent Patrick1, Ubokudom Etim Okon1 and Ubong Udo Solomon2,

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Akwa Ibom State University, Obio Akpa Campus, P.M.B. 1167, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

2Robert W. Plaster Graduate School of Business, Williamsburg, KY, USA

Pub. Date: November 07, 2017

Cite this paper:
Ini-mfon Vincent Patrick, Ubokudom Etim Okon and Ubong Udo Solomon. Households’ Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. American Journal of Environmental Protection. 2017; 5(3):68-72. doi: 10.12691/env-5-3-1


Municipal solid waste if not properly disposed could cause pollution to the environment or even harm to human health. This study examined household’s willingness to pay for improved solid waste management in Uyo metropolis, Akwa Ibom State. Primary data were randomly collected from 160 respondents’ households and analyzed using descriptive statistics and Tobit regression model. The results show that the mean household monthly expenditure was ₦ 52, 173 ($ 144.93), and they were willing to pay ₦ 618.28 ($ 1.72) monthly for an improved solid waste management. Also, some variables including number of years of formal schooling, household’s monthly expenditure and awareness of negative health implications of indiscriminate waste disposal, had positive and significant influenced on willingness to pay (WTP) for improved solid waste management, while age had negative and significant influence on WTP. Incorporating these findings and adoption of house to house collection of solid waste with a monthly service charge is recommended for efficient solid waste management in the study area.

household solid waste management urbanization willingness to pay Tobit

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Rathi, S. (2007). Optimization Model for Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Management in Mumbai, India. Environment and Development Economics, 12, 105-21.
[2]  United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-Habitat, (2015). Briefing notes for Countries on the 2015 human development report. Assessed 12th June 2017 from
[3]  United Nation Environmental Programme (UNEP) (2002). Monolia: State of the Environment. Retrieved from
[4]  Ogwueleka, T. (2009). Municipal Solid waste characteristics and Management in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering. Vol. 6(3): 173-180.
[5]  Bakare, W. (2016). Solid Waste Management in Nigeria. Bio-Energy News letter. Assessed 16th July, from http://www.bioenergyconsult.solid-waste-Nigeria.
[6]  Oyeniyi, B. A. (2011). Waste Management in Contemporary Nigeria. International Journal of Politics and Good Governance, vol. 2, no 3.
[7]  National Population Commission. NPoC. (2006) National Population Census, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette, Lagos, Nigeria.
[8]  Gujarati, D. N. (2007). Basic Econometric. (4th Edition). Tata McGraw –Hill, New Delhi, India.
[9]  Aggrey, N. & Douglason, G. O. (2010). Determinants of Willingness to pay for Solid waste management in Kampala city. Current research Journal of Economic Theory, 3(2), 119-122.
[10]  Addai, K. N & Danso- Abbeam, G. (2014). Determinants of Willingness to pay for improved solid waste management in Dunkwa-on-Offin, Ghana. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Vol.3, no 1.
[11]  Chuen-khee, P. & Othman, J. (2002). Household demand for solid waste disposal options in Malasia. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 66, 1153-58.
[12]  Sizya, R. R. (2015). Analysis of Inter-Household Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Management in Mwanza City, Tanzania. Journal of Resources Development and Management, Vol 4.
[13]  Boateng, S., Amoaka, P., Poku, A. A., Appiah, D.O., Garsonu, E. K. (2016). Household Willingness to Pay for Solid waste disposal services in urban Ghana: The Kumasi metropolis situation. Ghana Journal of Geography Vol. 8(2), 1-17.