American Journal of Rural Development
ISSN (Print): 2333-4762 ISSN (Online): 2333-4770 Website: Editor-in-chief: Chi-Ming Lai
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American Journal of Rural Development. 2017, 5(2), 46-54
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-5-2-3
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Land Governance and Conflict Management in Tanzania: Institutional Capacity and Policy-Legal Framework Challenges

Pius John1, and Samwel J. Kabote1

1Department of Development Studies, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania

Pub. Date: April 11, 2017

Cite this paper:
Pius John and Samwel J. Kabote. Land Governance and Conflict Management in Tanzania: Institutional Capacity and Policy-Legal Framework Challenges. American Journal of Rural Development. 2017; 5(2):46-54. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-5-2-3


This paper examines land governance in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor in Rukwa and Katavi regions in Tanzania. The four districts involved include Sumbawanga, Kalambo, Nkasi and Mpanda. Land governance and the management of related conflicts were assessed in views of the roles of local government and the challenges posed by policy and legal frameworks. Using a sample size of 270 smallholder farmers, a household survey was used to collect quantitative data, while qualitative data were collected from 74 Focus Group Discussions’ participants. The results confirmed the ‘legal dualism’ that embraces colonial policy and laws on land issues at local level despite the land reforms that have had taken place in Tanzania. In addition, land conflict was a common phenomenon. The results also show that the efforts of local governments, and other stakeholders, to manage land conflicts were hampered by serious challenges. The challenges include incapacitation of the local government with regard to legal issues, lack of education and unawareness of the policies and legal framework on the part of the citizenry. These resulted into ineffective implementation of informal and formal arrangements governing land issues. Ineffective land governance, in turn, stem from inadequate capacity to resolve land conflicts. This justifies poor land governance. To that effect, concerted efforts are needed to correct the situation.

land conflict management policies laws Tanzania

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