American Journal of Public Health Research
ISSN (Print): 2327-669X ISSN (Online): 2327-6703 Website: Editor-in-chief: Apply for this position
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017, 5(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-1
Open AccessArticle

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning Method Among Married Women of Reproductive Age Group in Earth Quake Displaced Population of Sindupalchok Disrtict, Nepal

Sanjeev Kumar Shah1, , Abinash Upadhayay2, Deependra Kaji Thapa3, Sanal T.S2, Raju Ghimire2 and Harsha Raj Dahal2

1Department of Public Health, National Open College, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Pokhara University, Nepal

2K.S.Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangalore, India

3Statistic Development Officer, UNDP, Nepal

Pub. Date: January 17, 2017

Cite this paper:
Sanjeev Kumar Shah, Abinash Upadhayay, Deependra Kaji Thapa, Sanal T.S, Raju Ghimire and Harsha Raj Dahal. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning Method Among Married Women of Reproductive Age Group in Earth Quake Displaced Population of Sindupalchok Disrtict, Nepal. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2017; 5(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-5-1-1


Background: Comprehensive studies of family planning (FP) in displaced camps are relatively uncommon. This paper examines family planning knowledge, attitudes, and practices among in earth quake displaced population of Sindupalchok district of Nepal. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning and affecting factors for used of FP. Methodology: From January to March 2016 a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted of 566 married women of age (15-49) years. Multi-stage sampling technique was used and data were collected for socio-demographics, practice of FP methods, knowledge, and attitude. Statistics were calculated for selected indicators. Results: The mean age of participants was 31.55 years. About 65.3 % of women reported using any method of family planning in the past, compared with 85.5 %of women reporting current usage of family planning methods. Recognition of at least one family planning method was nearly universal i.e.97.61%. Age, education status and age at marriage were significantly associated (p< 0.05) with contraceptive usage. It was observed that participants who were at the age group of 15-24 years had positive attitude by 2 and 11 time more than participants of age of 25-34 years and above 35 years respectively. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that respondents have a high knowledge and a positive attitude towards, family planning methods. Spousal discussion can be a crucial step towards increasing men¡¯s participation in family planning issues. Distance to health facility play major role in utilization of FP methods.

attitude contraception family planning knowledge and practice

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Family Planning Overview (2014, accessed 20 October 2015).
[2]  Adhikari R, Soonthorndhada K, Prasartkul P. Correlates of unintended pregnancy among currently pregnant married women in Nepal. BMC Int Health Hum Rights 2009; 9-17.
[3]  Mehata S, Paudel YR, Dotel BR, et al. Inequalities in the Use of Family Planning in Rural Nepal. BioMed Res Int; 2014. Epub ahead of print 2014.
[4]  Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) [Nepal], New ERA, ICF International Inc. Nepal Demographic and Health Survey. 2012.
[5]  Chakraborty NM, Murphy C, Paudel M, et al. Knowledge and perceptions of the intrauterine device among family planning providers in Nepal: a cross-sectional analysis by cadre and sector. BMC Health Serv Res; 15. Epub ahead of print 28 January 2015.
[6]  OSCOSS assessment cell. Nepal earth quake district profile Sindupalchok (8 May 2015).
[7]  Avong H. Perception of and Attitudes toward the Nigerian Federal Population Policy, Family Planning Program and Family Planning in Kaduna State, Nigeria | Avong | African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2011; 6: 187-97.
[8]  Sreytouch V. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of family planning among women in Banteay Meanchey, Cambodia. 2010; 27: 103-115.
[9]  Brair SL, Eltayeb LB. Barriers to family planning service utilization among Sudanese women in Khartoum locality, 2012. Al Neelain Med J; 3.
[10]  Humayun S. Knowledge and practices of family planning in grandmultiparas. J-Coll PHYSICIANS Surg Pak 2002; 12: 522-525.
[11]  Sajid A, Malik S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Contraception Among Multiparous Women at Lady Aitchison Hospital, Lahore. Ann King Edw Med Univ; 16.
[12]  DHS. Family Planning. Kathmandu: DHS (2005, accessed 12 September 2015).
[13]  Khan S, Mishra V, Arnold F, et al. Contraceptive trends in developing countries. (2007, accessed 9 April 2016).
[14]  Murad A,, Harlina S, Hazim W. Knowledge,Attitude and Practice towards family planning among married in a sub¨CUrban area of Klang Valley.
[15]  Shweta SMB. Knowledge and Pattern of Family Planning adoption Kashi Vidyapeet Block, Varanasi Dist (UP). Indian J Prev Soc Med 2010; 41: 21-27.
[16]  Khawaja N, Tayyeb R, Malik N. Awareness and practices of contraception among Pakistani women attending a tertiary care hospital. J Obstet Gynaecol 2004; 24: 564-567.
[17]  Tuladhar H, Marahatta R. . Awareness and Practice of Family Planning methods in women attending Gyncology OPD at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital. 2008; 10: 184-91.
[18]  Government of Nepal. Anual report. Kathmandu, 2014.
[19]  Gizaw A, Regassa N. Family planning service utilization in Mojo town, Ethiopia: A population based study. J Geogr Reg Plan 2011; 4: 355.
[20]  Gelaye AA, Taye KN, Mekonen T. Magnitude and risk factors of abortion among regular female students in Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia. BMC Womens Health 2014; 14: 1.
[21]  Ebrahim S, Muhammed N. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of family planning among women in Basrah city South of Iraq. MBU. 2011; 29(1,2): 70-76. 2011; 22: 178-87.