American Journal of Modeling and Optimization
ISSN (Print): 2333-1143 ISSN (Online): 2333-1267 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr Anil Kumar Gupta
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Modeling and Optimization. 2015, 3(2), 40-49
DOI: 10.12691/ajmo-3-2-2
Open AccessArticle

Study Vehicle Battery Simulation and Monitoring System

Essam M. Allam1,

1Automotive and Tractors Engineering Dept., Faculty of Engineering, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Pub. Date: May 07, 2015

Cite this paper:
Essam M. Allam. Study Vehicle Battery Simulation and Monitoring System. American Journal of Modeling and Optimization. 2015; 3(2):40-49. doi: 10.12691/ajmo-3-2-2


This paper presents battery model applied to dynamic simulation software. Simulation using nickel hydrogen battery model thus makes it possible to analyses very complex phenomena. The model was realized in Matlab / Simulink software packages. The Battery block implements a generic dynamic model parameterized to represent most popular types of rechargeable batteries. In this case, the battery’s model parameters are not exactly the same as those of the electric vehicle battery but it is nevertheless possible to study, with good precision, phenomena caused by the battery. Moreover, this model helps to develop the energy management system (EMS) which controls the flow of energy between the solar panels and battery. Finally, it is possible to control the charge and the discharge of the battery with precision. The results obtained show that the use of this battery model makes it possible to properly represent the transient states. It is thus possible to analyses them in order to fine-tune the various control devices and they show accurately represent the general behavior of the battery. The battery monitoring system developed is used to prevent people from being stranded. This device makes sure that no matter what, a car will be able to start and that a person will not be left with a dead battery. This paper is about the Features and Specifications related to the battery monitoring system.

vehicle battery simulation hybrid vehicles modeling nickel hydrogen Battery and Battery Monitoring

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


Figure of 15


[1]  Tremblay, O., Dessaint, L.-A. “Experimental Validation of a Battery Dynamic Model for EV Applications.” World Electric Vehicle Journal. Vol. 3 - ISSN 2032-6653 - © 2009 AVERE, EVS24 Stavanger, Norway, May 13-16, 2009.
[2]  Christian Tallner and Simon Lannetoft “Batteries or supercapacitors as energy storage in HEVs.” Dept. of Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation Lund University CODEN:LUTEDX/(TEIE-5194)/1-71/(2005).
[3]  O. Tremblay, L.-A. Dessaint, A.-I. Dekkiche, ?A Generic Battery Model for the Dynamic Simulation of Hybrid Electric Vehicles?, 2007 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, September 9-13, 2007 ? Arlington/Texas, USA.
[4]  S. Yasuoka, Y.Magari, TMurata, T Tanaka, J.1 shida, H. Nakamura, T Nohma, M. Kihara, Y. Baba, H. Teraoka, “Development of high capacity nickel-metal hydride batteries using super lattice hydrogen-bsorbing alloys, “ Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 156, pp. 662-666, 2006.
[5]  B. S. Bhangu, P. Bentley, D. A. Stone, and C. M. Bingham, “Nonlinear observers for predicting state-of-charge and state-of-health If lead-acid batteries for hybrid-electric vehicles, “ IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol.54, pp. 783-794, May.2005.
[6]  M. Doyle, T. F. Fuller, and 1. Newman, “Modeling of galvanostatic charge and discharge of the Iithium/polymerlinsertion cell, “ Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 140, no. 6, pp. 1526-1533, 1993.
[7]  S. C. Hageman, “Simple PSpice models let you simulate common battery types,” Electronic Design News, vol. 38, pp. 117-129, 1993.
[8]  D. Rakhmatov and S. Vrudhula, “An analytical high-level battery model for use in energy management of portable electronic systems,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Aided Design (ICCAD'OI), pp. 488-493, 2001.
[9]  Manwell and J. McGowan, “Lead acid battery storage model for hybrid energy systems,” Solar Energy, vol. 50, pp. 399-405, 1993.
[10]  V. H. Johnson, A. A. Pesaran, and T Sack, “Temperature-dependent battery models for high-power lithium-ion batteries,” presented at the Proc. EVS 17, Montreal, PQ, Canada, 2000.
[11]  M.R. Jongerden and B.R. Haverkort, “Battery Modeling” University of Twente, Centre for Telematics and Information Technology, Technical Report TR-CTIT-08-01, 2008.
[12]  K. Do, A Dynamic electro-thermal model of double layer “supercapacitors' for HEV powertrain applications, Masters thesis, The Ohio State University, 2004. 996.