American Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print): 2328-4102 ISSN (Online): 2328-4110 Website: Editor-in-chief: Kambiz Ebrahimi, Dr. SRINIVASA VENKATESHAPPA CHIKKOL
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American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2021, 9(1), 24-40
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-9-1-4
Open AccessArticle

A Model-based Method of Monitoring Combustion Pressure Measurement Chains for Closed-loop Combustion Control Applications

David R. Rogers1, , Antonios Pezouvanis2 and Nikolaos Kalantzis2

1Kistler Instrumente AG, Switzerland

2Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University

Pub. Date: August 31, 2021

Cite this paper:
David R. Rogers, Antonios Pezouvanis and Nikolaos Kalantzis. A Model-based Method of Monitoring Combustion Pressure Measurement Chains for Closed-loop Combustion Control Applications. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2021; 9(1):24-40. doi: 10.12691/ajme-9-1-4


Significant research is ongoing into the use of carbon neutral fuels for combustion engines. In order to fully exploit these new fuel technologies, alongside existing carbon based fuel types, the engine requires a sophisticated level of control for the combustion event based upon a cyclic feedback loop (i.e., a preceding cycle provides the optimization data for the following cycle). This then allows the engine and combustion controller to have the capability to respond and optimise, normal and abnormal combustion phenomena, based on information gained during run-time (as opposed to inferred or indirectly derived parameters). An essential element is the in-cylinder pressure sensor and its measuring chain, that supplies the raw in-cylinder pressure curve for real time analysis within the control system. This paper describes a model-based method for monitoring such a dynamic system, in which the condition of the physical system is represented in a dynamic model consisting of the engine itself, plus the measuring chain, as coupled models. The intent is to mimic the condition of the complete physical system in the model, allowing comparison of model and physical systems to observe residuals and identify fault conditions with all, or part of the measuring chain components.

engine pressure in-cylinder closed-loop control emissions efficiency model-based real-time co-simulation robustness failure detection

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