American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture
ISSN (Print): 2328-398X ISSN (Online): 2328-3998 Website: Editor-in-chief: Dr. Mohammad Arif Kamal
Open Access
Journal Browser
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2022, 10(2), 82-92
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-10-2-3
Open AccessArticle

Integrated Project Delivery Contract Model in Supporting BIM-Based Construction Projects

Abdulhafeez Ahmad M. Alwafi1,

1Department of Islamic Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia

Pub. Date: April 28, 2022

Cite this paper:
Abdulhafeez Ahmad M. Alwafi. Integrated Project Delivery Contract Model in Supporting BIM-Based Construction Projects. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2022; 10(2):82-92. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-10-2-3


It has been shown that the traditional contract model, which is widely used in the Saudi Arabian construction industry, is no longer suitable for handling complex construction projects. Therefore, a collaborative project delivery system, Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), should be introduced. In addition, collaborative tools such as Building Information Modelling (BIM) should be used to improve communication among project stakeholders. Hence, this study focuses on exploring and investigating the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) factors for integrated project delivery that supports BIM-based construction projects in Saudi Arabia. Besides, determining the best strategies for implementation. In the first phase, SWOT factors for integrated project delivery contract model in supporting BIM-based construction projects were identified through a literature review, expert¡¯s opinions, and questionnaire survey to rank the importance level of the selected factors in the Saudi Arabian construction industry. Resulted, 17 SWOT factors were ranked using the means and standard deviations values. In the second phase, the top priority factors under each SWOT were selected in order to develop the AHP model with the best strategies. A confirmatory approach was used to validate the results to create a final AHP model. The weight aggregation of SWOT factors and strategies were then analysed. As a result, the most critical factors for each SWOT factors and implementation strategies were identified, namely SO strategy, WO strategy, ST strategy, and WT strategy. The results were then validated by experts to ensure that these strategies are applicable in the construction industry in Saudi Arabia.

IPD building information modelling SWOT AHP construction

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit


[1]  S.Rowlinson, "Building information modelling, integrated project delivery and all that," Construction Innovation, 2017.
[2]  A. A. Mousa, M. Hussein, and A. F. Kineber, "Value-Engineering Methodology for the Selection of an Optimal Bridge System," Transportation Research Record, p. 03611981211062154, 2021.
[3]  J. Zuo et al., "Green building evaluation from a life-cycle perspective in Australia: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 70, pp. 358-368, 2017.
[4]  A. Al-Yami, M. O. J. I. J. o. B. P. Sanni-Anibire, and Adaptation, "BIM in the Saudi Arabian construction industry: State of the art, benefit and barriers," 2019.
[5]  S.-W. Whang, K. S. Park, and S. Kim, "Critical success factors for implementing integrated construction project delivery," Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 2019.
[6]  F. Hamzeh et al., "Integrated project delivery as an enabler for collaboration: a Middle East perspective," Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 2019.
[7]  S. Durdyev, M. R. Hosseini, I. Martek, S. Ismail, and M. Arashpour, "Barriers to the use of integrated project delivery (IPD): a quantified model for Malaysia," Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 2019.
[8]  D. C. Kent, B. J. J. o. c. e. Becerik-Gerber, and management, "Understanding construction industry experience and attitudes toward integrated project delivery," vol. 136, no. 8, pp. 815-825, 2010.
[9]  B. C. Lines, A. J. Perrenoud, K. T. Sullivan, D. T. Kashiwag, and A. J. J. o. M. i. E. Pesek, "Implementing project delivery process improvements: Identification of resistance types and frequencies," vol. 33, no. 1, p. 04016031, 2017.
[10]  X. Liao, C. Y. Lee, and H.-Y. Chong, "Contractual practices between the consultant and employer in Chinese BIM-enabled construction projects," Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 2019.
[11]  A. H. Abd Jamil and M. S. Fathi, "Contractual challenges for BIM-based construction projects: a systematic review," Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 2018.
[12]  B. D. Ilozor and D. J. Kelly, "Building information modeling and integrated project delivery in the commercial construction industry: A conceptual study," Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 23-36, 2012.
[13]  P. Raisbeck, R. Millie, and A. J. M. Maher, "Assessing integrated project delivery: a comparative analysis of IPD and alliance contracting procurement routes," vol. 1019, p. 1028, 2010.
[14]  Z. Hao, W. Zhang, and Y. J. P. o. Zhao, "Integrated BIM and VR to implement IPD mode in transportation infrastructure projects: System design and case application," vol. 16, no. 11, p. e0259046, 2021.
[15]  I. Kiani and S. Khalili Ghomi, "The barriers and implementation of building information modeling (BIM) based on integrated project delivery (IPD) in the construction industry," IGCESH 2013, 2013.
[16]  K. d. Wong and Q. Fan, "Building information modelling (BIM) for sustainable building design," Facilities, 2013.
[17]  A.-Q. Gbadamosi et al., "A BIM based approach for optimization of construction and assembly through material selection," 2018.
[18]  T. Mei, Q. Wang, Y. Xiao, and M. Yang, "Rent-seeking behavior of BIM-and IPD-based construction project in China," Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 2017.
[19]  A. Fakhimi, J. M. Sardroud, and S. Azhar, "How can Lean, IPD and BIM work together?," in ISARC. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, 2016, vol. 33, p. 1: IAARC Publications.
[20]  H. Halttula, A. Aapaoja, and H. Haapasalo, "The contemporaneous use of building information modeling and relational project delivery arrangements," Procedia Economics and Finance, vol. 21, pp. 532-539, 2015.
[21]  V. Belton and T. Stewart, Multiple criteria decision analysis: an integrated approach. Springer Science & Business Media, 2002.
[22]  O. P. Akadiri, "Development of a multi-criteria approach for the selection of sustainable materials for building projects," University of Wolverhampton, 2011.
[23]  K. Rezaei-Moghaddam and E. Karami, "A multiple criteria evaluation of sustainable agricultural development models using AHP," Environment, Development and Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 407-426, 2008.
[24]  U. Sekaran and R. Bougie, Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
[25]  E. A. Al-Atesh, Y. Rahmawati, N. A. W. A. Zawawi, and C. J. I. J. o. C. M. Utomo, "A decision-making model for supporting selection of green building materials," pp. 1-12, 2021.
[26]  A. Ruslan et al., "A value-based decision-making model for selecting sustainable materials for buildings," vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2279-2286, 2021.
[27]  M. A. Basset, M. Mohamed, A. K. Sangaiah, and V. Jain, "An integrated neutrosophic AHP and SWOT method for strategic planning methodology selection," Benchmarking: An International Journal, 2018.
[28]  A. Ishizaka and A. Labib, "Analytic hierarchy process and expert choice: Benefits and limitations," Or Insight, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 201-220, 2009.
[29]  E. Al-Atesh, Y. Rahmawati, and N. A. W. A. Zawawi, "Sustainability Criteria for Green Building Material Selection in the Malaysian Construction Industry," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Civil, Offshore and Environmental Engineering, 2021, pp. 693-700: Springer.
[30]  A.-B. A. Al-Mekhlafi, A. S. N. Isha, N. Chileshe, M. Abdulrab, A. F. Kineber, and M. Ajmal, "Impact of Safety Culture Implementation on Driving Performance among Oil and Gas Tanker Drivers: A Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) Approach," Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 16, p. 8886, 2021.
[31]  O. I. Olanrewaju, A. F. Kineber, N. Chileshe, and D. J. Edwards, "Modelling the Impact of Building Information Modelling (BIM) Implementation Drivers and Awareness on Project Lifecycle," Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 16, p. 8887, 2021.
[32]  I. Othman, A. Kineber, A. Oke, T. Zayed, and M. Buniya, "Barriers of value management implementation for building projects in Egyptian construction industry," Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2020.
[33]  M. K. Buniya, I. Othman, R. Y. Sunindijo, A. A. Karakhan, A. F. Kineber, and S. Durdyev, "Contributions of safety critical success factors and safety program elements to overall project success," International journal of occupational safety ergonomics, no. just-accepted, pp. 1-36, 2022.
[34]  A. E. Oke, A. F. Kineber, I. Albukhari, I. Othman, and C. Kingsley, "Assessment of Cloud Computing Success Factors for Sustainable Construction Industry: The Case of Nigeria," Buildings, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 36, 2021.
[35]  A. F. Kineber, I. Othman, A. E. Oke, N. Chileshe, and T. Zayed, "Exploring the value management critical success factors for sustainable residential building ¨C A structural equation modelling approach," Journal of Cleaner Production, p. 126115, 2021.
[36]  M. K. Buniya, I. Othman, R. Y. Sunindijo, A. F. Kineber, E. Mussi, and H. Ahmad, "Barriers to safety program implementation in the construction industry," Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 2020.
[37]  E. Al-Atesh, Y. Rahmawati, N. Zawawi, A. J. I. J. o. A. S. Elmansoury, Engineering, and I. Technology, "Developing the green building materials selection criteria for sustainable building projects," vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 2112-2120, 2021.
[38]  T. Vinh, K. B. IBRAHIM, R. Vidya, and H.-Y. HUANG, "Competency profile of managers in the Singapore logistics industry," The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 161-182, 2012.
[39]  J. Jin, K.-E. Hwang, and I. J. A. S. Kim, "A study on the constructivism learning method for BIM/IPD collaboration education," vol. 10, no. 15, p. 5169, 2020.
[40]  E. C. Bilge and H. J. C. I. Yaman, "Information management roles in real estate development lifecycle: literature review on BIM and IPD framework," 2021.
[41]  S. Durdyev, M. R. Hosseini, I. Martek, S. Ismail, M. J. E. Arashpour, Construction, and A. Management, "Barriers to the use of integrated project delivery (IPD): A quantified model for Malaysia," 2019.