American Journal of Biomedical Research
ISSN (Print): 2328-3947 ISSN (Online): 2328-3955 Website: Editor-in-chief: Hari K. Koul
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American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2023, 11(1), 14-26
DOI: 10.12691/ajbr-11-1-3
Open AccessArticle

Magnitude and Factors Associated with Needle Stick Injuries Among Nurses at Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical 2021

Erdachew Gallo Beyene1, , Tewodros Kassahun Tarekegn2, , Yeabsera Abebe Gebrehiwot3, Michael Million Minase3, Tereza Mulatu Tafesse2, Evelyn cantillo Aguila4, Bethel Tesfaye Bizuneh5, Rediet Abebe Mekonnen6, Solomon Endale Dagnachew2, Helen Assefa Berhe7, Yonas Tigabu Fetle7, Rediet Habtu Lebelo8, Elul Simeneh Abiy9, Sebelwongel Esubalew Bitew10 and Bisrat Nigussie Alemayehu3

1Department Of Surgery Yekatite 12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2Department of Medicine, Hayat Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Department of Medicine, St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

4Department of Paediatrics, university of Medical Science Guantanamo, Cuba

5Department of Medicine, Haramaya University College of Health and Medical science, Hararghe, Ethiopia

6Department of Public Health & Nursing, Kea Med Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

7Department of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Tikurs Anbessa, College of Health Sciences, Ethiopia

8Department of Medicine, Mekelle University, College of Health and Medical Science, Ethiopia

9Department of Midwifery, Gonder University College of Medicine and Health Sciences

10Department of Nursing, Alkan university collage, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Pub. Date: August 04, 2023

Cite this paper:
Erdachew Gallo Beyene, Tewodros Kassahun Tarekegn, Yeabsera Abebe Gebrehiwot, Michael Million Minase, Tereza Mulatu Tafesse, Evelyn cantillo Aguila, Bethel Tesfaye Bizuneh, Rediet Abebe Mekonnen, Solomon Endale Dagnachew, Helen Assefa Berhe, Yonas Tigabu Fetle, Rediet Habtu Lebelo, Elul Simeneh Abiy, Sebelwongel Esubalew Bitew and Bisrat Nigussie Alemayehu. Magnitude and Factors Associated with Needle Stick Injuries Among Nurses at Yekatit 12 Hospital Medical 2021. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2023; 11(1):14-26. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-11-1-3


Background of the study: Needle stick injury means penetrating stab wound, introducing blood or other potentially hazardous material into the body of healthcare worker, during the performance of their duties, by a needle or sharp instruments, including, needles, lancets, scalpels, and contaminated broken glass. Objective of the study: To assess the magnitude and associated factors for needle stick injury among nurses in Yekatit 12 hospital medical college, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2021.Method: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the magnitude and associated factors for needle sticks injury among all nurses in Y12HMC from November 2020 to march 2021. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was employed to obtain the necessary information after getting both written and verbal consent from the concerned bodies and study subjects. Data was entered and cleaned using EPI INFO and analyzed using SPSS statistical package. The final result of this study will be presented and disseminated to Yekatit 12 hospital medical college and other concerned body. Result: A total of 257 questionnaires were returned giving a response rate of 86.5%. Ninety-six 96 (37.4%), had sustained needle stick injury during the one year prior the survey, of which 31(12.1%) admitted experiencing at least one needle stick injury in previous one month. This means that ONE THIRD of nurses working in Yekatit 12 hospital medical college had get injury to NSI in one year duration. Independent risk factors for experiencing needle stick injuries including age, sex and departments. Female sex were two times more likely to be injured by NSI than male sex AOR; 2.2 (95% CI, 1.0, 4.1). nurses less than 25 yrs of age four times more likely to get injury by NSI than those of age above 40yrs; AOR = 4.0 (95% CI; 1.7, 5.2). Staffs working in maternity unit were 99.1% less probably of having needle stick injury than those working in other unit. AOR =0.09 (955 CI, 0.04, 0.23) CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: The survey determined the very important significant association factors to needle stick injury depended on age, working departments, extended working hours and low experiences which directly related skill development. And also, over use of injection, unsafe practices and unfavorable environment are factors associated to needle stick injury. Training concentrating on injection safety, guide line on universal precaution and monitoring such implementation is much needed.

Magnitude and Factors Associated with Needle Stick Injuries

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