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Noto Town’s Website, Basic Noto-cho Plan for the Promotion of Education, 2015. Available: https://www.town.noto.lg.jp/open/info/0000009480.pdf.[Accessed May 2, 2022].

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Article

Educational Effects and Changes in Children’s Appreciation of Nature through Community-based Education: A Case Study of Satoumi Learning in Japan

1Institute of Noto SATOUMI Education and Studies, Ishikawa, Japan

2Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan

3Faculty of Education, Shiga University, Shiga, Japan

4Organization of Frontier Science and Innovation, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan

5Professional School for Teacher Education, College of Human and Social Sciences, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan


American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, Vol. 10 No. 5, 323-331
DOI: 10.12691/education-10-5-8
Copyright © 2022 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Kyoko MATSUMOTO, Kimihito TAKENO, Tomoya KISHIOKA, Makoto URATA, Michio MATSUBARA, Takahiro KATO, Nobuo SUZUKI, Kazuichi HAYAKAWA. Educational Effects and Changes in Children’s Appreciation of Nature through Community-based Education: A Case Study of Satoumi Learning in Japan. American Journal of Educational Research. 2022; 10(5):323-331. doi: 10.12691/education-10-5-8.

Correspondence to: Kyoko  MATSUMOTO, Institute of Noto SATOUMI Education and Studies, Ishikawa, Japan. Email: matsumoto@notosatoumi.com

Abstract

This study investigates the educational effects and changes in children’s appreciation of nature through community-based education, namely, satoumi learning in elementary and junior high schools in the Noto Peninsula, Japan. This study considers ocean education as a community-based education that uses natural resources and compares changes in children’s appreciation of nature before and after receiving ocean education as an educational effect. A structured questionnaire was administered to every elementary school (grades 4-6) and junior high school student (years 1 and 2) in Noto town in 2016 and 2017 (n = 420). The survey was distributed to the same students through the Noto Town Board of Education in 2016 and 2017. Using paired and unpaired t-tests, we found a significant educational effect on students’ relationships with the community, particularly for students in the first year of ocean education. The educational effect in the second year was comparatively lower, though the students’ appreciation of nature significantly increased in the second year. In particular, the students’ relationship with the ocean and settlement intention decreased in the higher grades of elementary and junior high school. However, the findings suggest that continuing ocean education can not only enhance students’ relationships with the community but also foster their appreciation of nature. Regarding gender differences, girls had a lower frequency of visiting the ocean after one year of satoumi learning, though overall, they tended to hold positive attitudes toward local nature. In addition, the student responses to many questionnaire items differed significantly according to whether the school was located in an inland or coastal area. Finally, after the second year, the benefits of ocean education were limited. Therefore, it is recommended to develop more effective learning programs for higher grades and inland schools.

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