Article citationsMore >>

Röttinger, E., and Lowe, C. J. “Evolutionary crossroads in developmental biology: hemichordates” Development 139: 2463-2475, 2012.

has been cited by the following article:

Article

The Unexpected Strategies behind Alternative Genetic Codes

1A Retired Lecturer of UCLL Campus Gasthuisberg, Chemistry Bachelors Herestraat 49, Be-3000 Leuven, Belgium


American Journal of Educational Research. 2021, Vol. 9 No. 7, 417-425
DOI: 10.12691/education-9-7-4
Copyright © 2021 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jef Struyf. The Unexpected Strategies behind Alternative Genetic Codes. American Journal of Educational Research. 2021; 9(7):417-425. doi: 10.12691/education-9-7-4.

Correspondence to: Jef  Struyf, A Retired Lecturer of UCLL Campus Gasthuisberg, Chemistry Bachelors Herestraat 49, Be-3000 Leuven, Belgium. Email: jef.struyf@ucll.be

Abstract

This article proposes a number of codon reassignment strategies. These strategies are inferred by comparing the alternative (non-standard) genetic codes to the standard genetic code. Codon reassignments show strong and non-random connection to the standard code. The strategies interconnect all genetic codes and model a selected pathway through the heterotrophic part of life. The article also shows that the codon reassignment strategies model the evolution from the standard to the vertebrate mitochondrial code. Furthermore, it introduces a genetic code table based on third position synonyms that compares the vertebrate mitochondrial code to the standard code.

Keywords