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The omega-3 fatty acids and the cardiovascular system: Nutritional benefits and claims. French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety, 2003.

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Article

A Journey through ω-3 Supplements: Future Perspectives for Precision Nutrition

1Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia, Astondo Bidea, Edificio 609, 48160 Derio (Bizkaia), Spain


Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020, Vol. 8 No. 10, 556-560
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-8-10-3
Copyright © 2020 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Iker Jauregibeitia, Kevin Portune, Javier Amezaga, Itziar Tueros, Sara Arranz. A Journey through ω-3 Supplements: Future Perspectives for Precision Nutrition. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2020; 8(10):556-560. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-8-10-3.

Correspondence to: Sara  Arranz, Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Parque Tecnológico de Bizkaia, Astondo Bidea, Edificio 609, 48160 Derio (Bizkaia), Spain. Email: sarranz@azti.es

Abstract

Increasing evidence has shown that fatty acids play a key factor in nutrition and health. Despite the well described health benefits associated to the omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FA) intake from epidemiological and clinical trials, controversial results are found from some clinical trials regarding the effect of ω-3 FA supplementation to handle certain diseases. In this review, we provide orientation for the reader to understand the importance of a personalized recommendation of the ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation based on a precision nutrition approach. We begin by reviewing the metabolic relevance of ω-3 fatty acids and then discuss the current state of ω-3 fatty acid supplements regarding their indications, regulation, variety from brand to brand, adverse effects and the need to implement a personalized supplementation. We conclude with future perspectives for practitioners and general guidance on precision nutrition.

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