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Lung, S.C., H.W. Cheng, and C.B. Fu, Potential exposure and risk of fluoride intakes from tea drinks produced in Taiwan. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol, 2008. 18(2): p. 158-66.

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Article

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination in Three Tea Samples Collected in Two Different Areas of Vietnam

1Institute of Chemistry – Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam


Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019, Vol. 7 No. 1, 51-64
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-7-1-7
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Duong Thanh Nguyen, Phuong Duc Luu, Tien Duy Doan, Yen Hai Dao, Giang Truong Le. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Contamination in Three Tea Samples Collected in Two Different Areas of Vietnam. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2019; 7(1):51-64. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-7-1-7.

Correspondence to: Giang  Truong Le, Institute of Chemistry – Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam. Email: hoasinhmoitruong.vast@gmail.com

Abstract

The present work was undertaken to identify and determine the concentration of PAHs in forty samples of three different types of tea (green, oolong and black teas) collected in two provinces of Vietnam (Thai Nguyen province in the North and Lam Dong province in the South). For sample preparation, the quick and simple QuEChRES procedure was used and eighteen PAHs congeners were detected by gas chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS), with the percentage recovery higher than 70%. The concentration of the total 18 PAHs in tea samples ranged from 154.2 to 709.0 μg/kg with the highest of total PAHs found in black tea samples. Nine PAHs congeners were found in all samples with wide ranges of concentrations as follows: 1-methylnapththalene (3.6 – 73.1 μg/kg), Acenaphthene (1.6 – 45.0 μg/kg), Fluorene (4.2 – 49.5 μg/kg), Anthracene (2.1 – 40.0 μg/kg), Pyrene (19.3 – 224.9 μg/kg), Chrysene (4.6 – 233.0 μg/kg), Benzo (b) fluoranthene (0.6 – 23.7 μg/kg), Indeno (1,2,3,cd) pyrene (1.0 – 38.4 μg/kg), and Dibenzo (a,h) anthraxcene (1.1 – 25.0 μg/kg). 3–4 rings PAHs were dominant in all tea samples, with a contribution of 66.0 – 84.3% of the total 18 PAHs content. The average content of the indicated PAHs in oolong tea from the South (OS) was the lowest and that of black tea from the South (BS) was the highest. It was also observed that the toxic equivalent (TEQ) values of tea samples from the North higher than those from the South.

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