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Dillard, C.J. and German, J.B. (2000).Phytochemicals: Nutraceuticals and human health. J Sci Food Agric., 80: 1744-1756.

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Article

Proximate, Anti-Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of the Yellow Variety of the Synsepalum Dulcificum (Miracle Fruit) Berry

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, ImoState, Nigeria


American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016, Vol. 4 No. 4, 102-108
DOI: 10.12691/ajfst-4-4-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Njoku N. E., Ubbaonu C. N., Alagbaoso S.O., Agunwa I.M, Eluchie C.N.. Proximate, Anti-Nutritional and Phytochemical Composition of the Yellow Variety of the Synsepalum Dulcificum (Miracle Fruit) Berry. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016; 4(4):102-108. doi: 10.12691/ajfst-4-4-3.

Correspondence to: Njoku  N. E., Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, ImoState, Nigeria. Email: alagbaososerah@gmail.com

Abstract

The pulp of freshly harvested mature Synsepalumdulcificum (miracle fruit) berries were analyzed for proximate, pH, titratable acidity, anti-nutritional and phytochemical content. The results indicated a moisture content of 45.12%, protein content of 2.48% and a carbohydrate content of 48.84%.The anti-nutrients content include Tannin 2.90 ± 0.64mg/100g, phytate 5.21 ± 0.92 mg/100g, glycosidic cyanide 0.03 ± 0.00mg/100g, steroid 1.56±0.03 mg/100g and oxalate 11.04 ± 0.29%. The anti-nutritional levels were all within the recommended safety limits. Some phytochemicals like flavonoids, resins and steroids were also identified. It is hoped that the knowledge of miracle fruit’s nutritional content/importance will enhance its utilization in our diet.

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