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Fritz J. J., “Systematic Calculation of Ionic Equilibria”, J. Chem. Educ., 30, 442-444, 1953.

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Article

Extent of Reaction Balances: A Convenient Tool to Study Chemical Equilibria

1Departamento de Química Analítica, Universitat de València, c/Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot (Spain)


World Journal of Chemical Education. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 4, 54-58
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-2-4-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Juan José Baeza-Baeza, María Celia García-Alvarez-Coque. Extent of Reaction Balances: A Convenient Tool to Study Chemical Equilibria. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2014; 2(4):54-58. doi: 10.12691/wjce-2-4-2.

Correspondence to: Juan  José Baeza-Baeza, Departamento de Química Analítica, Universitat de València, c/Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot (Spain). Email: juan.baeza@uv.es

Abstract

The extent of a chemical reaction has received little attention in the early stages of Chemistry teaching, despite allowing a general way to work with chemical reactions and equilibria. In this article, the concepts of extent of reaction and extent of reaction balances are revised and several applications to study the change in the concentrations of the species involved in chemical reactions are described for both single and multiple systems. Extent of reaction balances allow a general treatment that can be applied to problems of diverse complexity involving different types of equilibria, either in the gas phase or in solution (acid-base, complexation, precipitation and redox reactions). This treatment depends exclusively on the reactions stoichiometry and can be taught at several levels, for single or coupled equilibria. Several examples are given, from basic problems adequate for High School Chemistry to problems for College Chemistry.

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