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Gardner S. Student and faculty attributions of attrition in high and low-completing doctoral programs in the United States. Higher Education. 2008.

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Article

Outcomes and Characteristics of Faculty/Student Mentorship in PhD Programs

1College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina

2D’Youville College, Buffalo, NY


American Journal of Educational Research. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 9, 703-708
DOI: 10.12691/education-2-9-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Michelle Mollica, Lynne Nemeth. Outcomes and Characteristics of Faculty/Student Mentorship in PhD Programs. American Journal of Educational Research. 2014; 2(9):703-708. doi: 10.12691/education-2-9-1.

Correspondence to: Michelle  Mollica, College of Nursing, Medical University of South Carolina. Email: mollicam@musc.edu

Abstract

With increasing numbers of doctoral programs, and a persistent high attrition rate, the need to provide support to PhD students grows. Faculty mentoring is one strategy employed by many doctoral programs to address attrition, although objectives, methods and responsibilities of the mentor role vary. The purpose of this integrative literature review was to synthesize outcomes and characteristics of faculty/student mentorship in PhD programs. This integrative review included studies from 2003-April 2014 in peer-reviewed journals, found from a comprehensive search of PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, PsycInfo, and GoogleScholar. Key search terms included: mentor, faculty, student, advisor, doctoral, education, engagement, attrition, retention, and PhD. The search strategy yielded a total of 850 references; 47 were retrieved, read and rated for relevance and research quality. A set of 12 articles met relevance criteria. Results indicate that although successful faculty mentoring is time consuming, students benefit from decreases in social isolation, and increased progression and retention through doctoral programs.

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