Article citationsMore >>

Bandura A., Autoefficacia, Erickson, Trento, 2001.

has been cited by the following article:


The Role of Motor Activity in the Self-Esteem of Primary School Pupils

American Journal of Educational Research. 2013, Vol. 1 No. 2, 37-40
DOI: 10.12691/education-1-2-1
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
MANUELA VALENTINI, ELISA DI MASSA, GIOVANNA TROIANO, ARIO FEDERICI. The Role of Motor Activity in the Self-Esteem of Primary School Pupils. American Journal of Educational Research. 2013; 1(2):37-40. doi: 10.12691/education-1-2-1.

Correspondence to: MANUELA VALENTINI, . Email:


The purpose of this study is to analyze the importance of motor activity in the increase of self-esteem in Primary School pupils. To have positive self-esteem is a significant aspect of the growth of a person as a whole . Depending on the level of self-esteem, individuals take risks in various situations and respond to failure in different ways . Nine year old children are moving towards the threshold of adolescence, a time when physical change is predominant. Therefore, aiming at the development of self-esteem through motor activity has the purpose of building confidence in children who are about to face these changes. In this study, X classes were given two identical tests: the MOVIT test , evaluating physical perceptions and capabilities, and the TMA test , evaluating global and specific self-esteem. Pupils were tested in October and then in the following March. During this period the target group worked on autonomy and on interpersonal relationships by means of planned activities involving team-play.The average test results of the two groups demonstrated that the work group had improved significantly both in the physical field and in self-esteem with respect to the control group, therefore planned motor activities are effective in building self-esteem in Primary school pupils.Motor activity is of vital importance for the development of capacity and cognitive skills and with specific reference to the analyzed case, motor activity influences the growth of self-esteem, leading the subject to a full physical and mental development.