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Dedoussis, G.V., et al., Antiatherogenic effect of Pistacia lentiscus via GSH restoration and downregulation of CD36 mRNA expression. Atherosclerosis, 2004. 174(2): p. 293-303.

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Article

Evaluation of Antifungal and Antibacterial Activities of Tunisian Lentisc (Pistacia Lentiscus L.) Fruit Oil

1Laboratoire de Mycologie, Pathologies et Biomarqueurs (LR16ES05), Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis, Tunisie

2Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Physiopathologie cellulaire et Valorisation des Biomolécules, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092, Tunis, Tunisie


Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2021, Vol. 9 No. 4, 177-181
DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-9-4-1
Copyright © 2021 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Cyrine Dhieb, Hajer Trabelsi, Sadok Boukhchina, Najla Sadfi-Zouaoui. Evaluation of Antifungal and Antibacterial Activities of Tunisian Lentisc (Pistacia Lentiscus L.) Fruit Oil. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research. 2021; 9(4):177-181. doi: 10.12691/jfnr-9-4-1.

Correspondence to: Cyrine  Dhieb, Laboratoire de Mycologie, Pathologies et Biomarqueurs (LR16ES05), Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis, Tunisie. Email: dhcyrine@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Intensive studies and experiments have proven that the drug resistance of microorganisms is evolving very disturbingly. As a consequence, new avenues of research become strongly essential to expand knowledge on this phenomenon and develop highly effective alternatives targeting it. Therefore, there is increasing interest in the use of medicinal plants for treatment of many infections. Objective: In accordance with these findings, this study aims to evaluate the in vitro activities of fruit oil extracted from Tunisian varieties of Pistacia lentiscus, growing in Rimel forest (Bizerte) in north of Tunisia, against some medically important and emerging species of bacteria and yeasts. Methods: The antimicrobial activities were performed using the disc diffusion method. We evaluate antimicrobial activities of this oil against many species like Staphylococcus aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Escherichia coli and C. albicans and to our knowledge, in our current study, we demonstrated for the first time his activities against the following species: Listeria innocua; Salmonella enterica; Enterococcus faecalis; Shigella flexneri; Candida parapsilosis; Candida tropicalis and Candida glabrata. Results: The results showed positive activities of fruit oil against all tested bacteria and yeasts with some differences depending on the microorganism tested. The maximum antibacterial activities were obtained against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For yeasts, the oil exhibited high activity against C. parapsilosis. Conclusion: This study elaborately confirmed that Tunisian P. lentiscus fruit oil contains compounds that can be used to treat many infections.

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