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Article

Cost Analysis of Vocational School Education Unit in Mechanical Engineering Expertise Competency by Using Activity-Based Costing Method

1Graduate School Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, Vol. 8 No. 1, 1-6
DOI: 10.12691/education-8-1-1
Copyright © 2020 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Bz. Septeiyawan Abdullah, Didik Nurhadiyanto. Cost Analysis of Vocational School Education Unit in Mechanical Engineering Expertise Competency by Using Activity-Based Costing Method. American Journal of Educational Research. 2020; 8(1):1-6. doi: 10.12691/education-8-1-1.

Correspondence to: Bz.  Septeiyawan Abdullah, Graduate School Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Email: bzsepteiyawan.2017@student.uny.ac.id

Abstract

This study aims to determine: 1) the percentage of cost allocation for activities in SMK N 3 Yogyakarta and SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta and 2) the comparison of the education cost unit of each student, level, and year in the competency of mechanical engineering expertise in SMK N 3 Yogyakarta and SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta. The location of this research was in two vocational schools that have mechanical engineering expertise competencies in Yogyakarta City, i.e., SMK N 3 Yogyakarta and SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta. The object of this research was the cost unit of education at SMK N 3 Yogyakarta and SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta. This research was a quantitative descriptive study. The interview and documentation were utilized as data collection techniques. The data analysis used an activity-based costing method. The results of this study indicated that: (1) the percentages of cost allocation for each activity at SMK N 3 Yogyakarta are teaching and learning activities 64%, students’ activities 10%, infrastructure management activities 8%, school administration activities 7%, school management activities 4 %, non-HR school development activities 4%, and HR school development activities 2%. Meanwhile, the percentages of cost allocation at SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta are teaching and learning activities 35%, school administration 34%, school management activities 12%, infrastructure management activities 7%, student activities 7%, HR school development activities 4% and non-HR school development activities 1%. (2) the unit cost of education for each mechanical engineering expertise competency student, level, and year at SMK N 3 Yogyakarta for the 10th grade is Rp10.342.809, the 11th grade is Rp9.255.154, and the 12th grade is Rp11.120.704. Whereas at SMK Muhammadiyah 3 Yogyakarta for the 10th grade is Rp 12.244.183, the 11th grade is Rp11.598.900, and the 12th grade is Rp13.738.086.

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