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World Bank. (2010). Education in Ghana: Improving Equity, Efficiency and Accountability of Education Service Delivery. World Bank: Washington.

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An Assessment of the Impact of International Aid on Basic Education in Ghana

1University College of Oslo and Arkerhus, Pb. 4 St Olavs plass, Oslo, Norway

2Beijing Normal University, Xinjiekou Wai St., Beijing, P.R China

American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 1, 43-49
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-1-7
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Enoch Nyarkoh, Emmanuel Intsiful. An Assessment of the Impact of International Aid on Basic Education in Ghana. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(1):43-49. doi: 10.12691/education-6-1-7.

Correspondence to: Enoch  Nyarkoh, University College of Oslo and Arkerhus, Pb. 4 St Olavs plass, Oslo, Norway. Email:


In Ghana and many other developing countries, the substantial investment in and provision of quality education have been identified as the surest path out of persistent poverty. The hope of accelerated development is now hinged on the provision of quality education for it citizenry. However, the inability to raise enough revenue by the government is as a result of varied factors including but not limited to macroeconomic and growth instability, high debt ratios, weak tax administration and large informal (non-taxable) sectors. The intent and desire of the state and government to provide quality accessible education to its citizens and the constraint of inadequate financial resources has compelled Ghana to seek external assistance to fill the resources gaps. Bilateral and multinational donors have responded in diverse ways to the call and over the last two decades, aid increased in quantity and prominence in Ghana’s education sector. There are and may be several reasons that could be assigned to the quick response of these bilateral and multinational donors to the call made by Ghana for aid. The paper seeks to comparatively assess the impact international aid has had on Ghana's educational sector over the last two decades in term of access to “quality” education, educational financing and infrastructure expansion at the basic level. This paper argues that, notwithstanding the challenges the educational sector in Ghana is facing, the impact of international stakeholders on educational policy making and practice especially at the basic level has been positive in terms of access, financing and infrastructural expansion.